Nokia, Di Foggia: “There is no green without digital: we believe in technology to create an open, fearless and empowered culture”

Josefina de FoggiaCEO and Vice President Nokia Italyhas conversations with Economy of Lombardy on digital transformation, sustainable development, new skills for a constantly innovating labor market and a culture of overcoming the gender gap.

On the future of Nokia, Di Foggia says:

“The first pandemic and the war in Ukraine soon after, completely altered the socio-economic balance worldwide, causing geopolitical, financial and energy instability. If on the one hand, in fact, the pandemic has shown a strong need for digital transformation, on the other hand, the war has shifted attention to the urgency of a development based on sustainability. Two important goals, then, are to improve our future, always placing the person at the center. It would not be possible to return to life as before, simply putting itself behind what we have experienced. That is why today companies are called to respond with new development models: Nokia plays a role in this scenario by providing telecommunications networks with increasing performance and with solutions increasingly respectful of the environmental impact.

In terms of sustainability, for example, a technology based on real-time data transmission is essential to implement solutions capable of controlling consumption and regulating the flow of electricity, based on real demand over time; facilitate energy storage and minimize waste. And there is no green without digital, digitization and our climate actions are inseparable and must go hand in hand. As reported in the Nokia Sustainability Report 2021, our “Science based targets” (SBTs) are aimed at reducing greenhouse gases. emissions by 50% in 2030, both in the company’s activities and in the products supplied.

We firmly believe in the positive impact of technology to improve our lives and create an open, fearless and empowered culture. Connectivity allows people to interact, communicate, collaborate, share, learn and work. It allows access to all those services that are part of the day to day from the essentials, to job training, health and school. In recent years, in fact, it has become increasingly important to ensure the continuity of education, even in more difficult circumstances, because it affects the economic and social strength of national economies.

Nokia is firmly committed to reducing the gender gap en STEM disciplines. “We must have the right tools to read and understand the workings of the world around us and for continuous adaptation to a changing reality with exceptional speed,” he says. Josefina de Foggia. “The Fourth Industrial Revolution, demographic, socio-economic and productive changes are transforming society and, in particular, the labor market. Based on this premise, it is urgent to emphasize the value of the contribution of specialized technical / scientific knowledge. Many of the necessary skills.of the world of work are and will be increasingly in the field of science, technology, engineering and mathematics.In this sector there are the most promising estimates of increased employment in the coming years.In fact , according to the Excelsior Information System (created by Unioncarere and ANPAL) in the five-year period 2020-2024, companies will need about one and a half million employees with STEM skills.Unfortunately, however, approximately one in four companies (exactly 23%) claimed to have unidentified STEM profiles in the “time of need”.

These data highlight the phenomenon of “skills mismatch,” or the gap between specialized demand and supply. The exponential acceleration of technological innovation has led to a sharp increase in the demand for technical-scientific skills, which, however, is not reflected in the profiles available in the labor market. It seems that Italy has a number of graduates in STEM subjects below the European average, which means that the Italian training system is not adapting to the growth rates and skills needs of companies, to allow them be competitive in the near future.

In Nokia Italyin response to this trend, we have begun guidance projects with institutes, to bring boys and especially girls closer to the world of STEM disciplines, for example by welcoming students to our Innovation Hub in Vimercate, for the projects of Alternanza Scuola Lavoro. We work closely with several universities to attract talent and develop joint programs. I personally dedicate myself to carrying out these programs together with my colleagues because I am convinced of the importance of introducing young people to the companies and jobs they can develop for their orientation to university studies.

I add that the boom of STEM profile requestsraises another issue related to the world of work in Italy gender gap or as the Anglo-Saxons would say, gender gaps. Mainly due to social stereotypes, there is a preponderance of men over women in the STEM field, starting with the choice of study itineraries, in which students are still a minority. The result is that, although statistics show better academic performance, women continue to be penalized both in the STEM academic world and consequently in the working world, with wage inequalities and growth opportunities, in terms of careers. In this sense, at Nokia Italia we promote awareness campaigns towards the gender gap, to raise awareness on these issues and implement company policies to ensure equal opportunities for women. “

Speaking of innovation goals, he says:

“I have always maintained that collaboration between citizens, companies, training institutions and research centers is really key to enabling digital transformation. In fact, this requires not only the introduction of new technologies, organizational models and but also the availability of specialized skills and continuous updating for some, digital literacy for others.Only a collaboration between all the parties involved, each according to its sector of expertise, will allow us to make the most of the benefits of digital transformation, which is why at Nokia Italia we have a number of active collaborations, with public administrations, academia and research centers, and we are open to new forms of collaboration that will allow us to accelerate digital transformation. of the country.

With regard to the cultural aspect and digital skills, I can confirm that this is a fundamental issue: also in the context of last year’s B20, it was highlighted in the discussion in the Advisory Board. There are cultural ones and more specifically, limited trust in digital technologies and little digital awareness. In addition, in the latest DESI report (index introduced by the European Commission in 2014 to measure the progress of European countries in terms of the digitization of the economy and society. Italy ranks slightly more favorably third for digital skills, only 42% of those in fact, the population has digital skills, at least basic, compared to an EU average of 56.6%, and we are fourth in advanced digital skills reaching 22%, compared to an EU average of 31%: the proportion of companies offering ICT training to their employees stands at 16%, compared to a European average of 20%.

So there are two independent intervention plans: the first refers to technology and infrastructure, in particular the crucial issue of connectivity, which are essential facilitators for digital transformation, while the second is played at the cultural and skills level. It is now clear that there can be no development without skills. Both are essential because digital skills will not have a complete and effective digital transformation, also running the risk, with regard to Italy in particular, of reducing the effectiveness of the reforms and investments planned by the PNRR in these areas. At Nokia Italy we are doing our part in the field of digital literacy we have activated several projects for the dissemination of skills, also through the aforementioned collaborations with Ministries, Universities and through initiatives with important FTA Operators. Our programs are all for young people: not so young, the elderly and the disabled, we want to continue
to be the main actors and interpreters of the transformation of the country ”.

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