Student in prison? There are no staff at Via Coroneo

12.07.2022 – 17.15 – The school is open to everyone, the Constitution says soArticle 34. But in prisons? According to lArticle 1 ofPrison system, “A re-educational treatment must be implemented in relation to convicts and inmates that tends, also through contacts with the external environment, to their social reintegration. The treatment is carried out according to a criterion of individualization in relation to the specific conditions of the subjects “.
Different needs, but a common thread: the social reintegration. And precisely by setting this goal, continuing the last with the Order contained in the Official Gazette, we arrive at theArticle 19the one dedicated specifically to education in detention centers.
“In penitentiary institutes, cultural and vocational training is cared for through the organization of compulsory school education and vocational training courses, in accordance with current guidelines and with the help of methods appropriate to the condition of the subjects “. Again the “condition” of the individual is fundamental: Treccani in the hand, by condition we mean “the physical, moral or financial condition of a person.” The person, their peculiarities and their needs must be at the center to ensure the best education with a view to social reintegration.

A hotly debated issue throughout the Iberian Peninsula is the reintegration of prisoners into society after serving their sentences, but which is still poorly addressed today. An opportunity for reflection in this regard has been the delivery of diplomas and language certifications obtained by prison students who have successfully attended and passed the courses offered by the CPIA (Provincial Center for Adult Education) at the He imprisoned “Ernesto Mari”. of Trieste: A2 certificateslanguage proficiency, diploma of third year of high school I PON certificates (projects carried out with European structural funds) carried out by some teachers outside the “traditional” school context. Present at the presentation the leader of the Democratic Party in the Chamber of Deputies, Debora Serracchiani.
Fundamental educational paths for the life trajectory of the prisoners, essential to stay “in the toolbox of these people, to rejoin society in a circle”, echoing the words of the deputy.

Training courses held at Via Coroneo Prison include i PON Inclusion (National Operational Program for Inclusion), co-financed by the European Social Fund, which represents a national measure to combat poverty. A PON dedicated to inclusion that also involves training in detention centers which, with the Europe 2020 Strategy, aims to reduce by at least 20 million the number of people at risk or at risk of poverty and social exclusion within ten years. On the page dedicated to the MILIA Project – Experimental models of intervention for work and the active inclusion of people in the criminal execution -included in the PON Inclusione- of the Ministry of Labor and Social Policies, we read as “Recent studies show that the recidivism The rate is much lower in subjects who have had the opportunity to carry out training and work activities during the period of execution of the sentence, which is mainly determined by the reintegration into the productive fabric as a result of the acquisition of skills. professionals required by the labor market. ”The aim is to provide prisoners with the skills and professionalism necessary to ensure their continuity of employment when they return to freedom.

Therefore, there are several action plans that need to be followed: first, emphasize the importance of Lifelong learninga European idea that “should now have a concrete impact” says the director, Susanna Tessaro. A course of study, offered by the CPIA, which, moreover, is not limited to the detention center: once the sentence has been served, in fact, it is possible to complete the studies even outside prison; but the prisoner will probably prefer job training, but it is not enough. “We have to commit ourselves to making people understand the importance of school. The baccalaureate degree is obtained by everyone, but there should be a higher, or at least transversal, training cycle so that the person can increase their knowledge “, he underlines. Chiara Miccoli, pedagogical lawyer. The second guideline refers, as pointed out by the Penitentiary System, to the condition of the subject, since “In order to be able to be trained, a distinction is needed. We have prisoners aged 18 to 90; there is a problem that arises relative to reintegration into the world of work due to the heterogeneity of classes. It is not possible to guarantee “complete continuing education”. Miccoli “Therefore, it should be noted that training activities continue to be linked to a limited number without ever expanding the range.”

“Different responses to different needs” are therefore necessary, he remarks Serracchiani, to “rebuild a path of formation.” Another highlight is not a guideline to follow, but a problem to solve: the staff shortage.
A strategic deficit that not only involves the education sector, but also represents an open wound that affects all sectors of the prison. After ten years of waiting, the Trieste prison has a director for a semester; there is a very serious shortcoming in the pedagogical legal field, where in front of 200 inmates there is one in three pedagogical lawyers and one person is missing from the technical secretariat. The prison also denounces the shortage of superintendents and inspectors.

“There are people who have a complex life course, and it is necessary to avoid the difficulty of reintegration into society. This work is done with a significant lack of staff, which affects both the part of education in prison and the CPIA (adult education) “, continues the deputy. The prison is once again a “closed box that you prefer to keep as such”, this is the drama. The deputy reiterated her commitment to make an intervention “which I will do personally, both in the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Education, to increase the staff of the structures.” In the prisoners’ life toolbox, education and training are essential: in the women’s section of the Via Coroneo prison, where there are 25 inmatesit has not yet been possible to organize literacy courses, making a reintegration process extremely complex once the sentence has been served, due to a lack of staff.
“It is necessary to make calls for concurrence that guarantee an adequate number of contracts and the resources must be proportional to the prison population” he declares Elisabetta BurlaGuarantor of the rights of detainees in the Municipality of Trieste, adding that “another solution would be greater access to alternative measures, but in this case, the territorial social services and the staff of the external criminal enforcement offices should, first place, strengthen ”.


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