The endless crisis of work for young people and women – Taxpayers’ Diary

The state notes that the youth unemployment rate is on the rise, we have reached 33%, + 1.1 over February, + 5.4 during the year. This shows how the exit to employment has been essentially blocked for young people, also by the sharp reductions in school work and non-existent school orientation.

of the writing

In Italy being women and young people is a handicap, affected by unemployment, job insecurity, the technological gap, the economic crisis. The pandemic did the rest. A situation certified by the different research institutes that study the phenomenon of youth employment.

Since the start of the pandemic, some 900,000 fewer people have been employed. The job market has stalled: stable employees are also falling despite Covid’s cash and blockage of layoffs.

The failure of the Youth Guarantee decree is recorded. In December, the general unemployment rate rose to 9% (again Italy is at the bottom of the international ranking) and inactivity soared again: in one month + 42 thousand units, per year + 482 mil. We should be discouraged and perhaps for young people all that remains is to leave the Bel Paese to other more attractive destinations in terms of work.

ISTA certifies that there is a decrease of 38 thousand permanent workers, compared to February, and -250 thousand in March 2020, despite the blockade of dismissals in force during the period and the massive use of the dismissals of the Covid-19 .

Too many regulatory limits also included in the Decree of Dignity. Active policies in the workplace are a problem.

The state notes that the youth unemployment rate is on the rise, we have reached 33%, + 1.1 over February, + 5.4 during the year. This shows how the exit to employment has been substantially blocked for young people, also by the sharp reductions in school work and the non-existent school orientation.

An INAP study has shown that, despite the collapse of employment, there are thousands of vacancies that are open, due to lack of skills and candidates with a “technical-professional” vocation.

In Italy there are less than 3 adults of working age for every person over 65 years. If we add to this the fact that we have an employment rate of 58%, the result is that we are likely to approach a proportion of 1 to 1 workers. staff and people over 65 years.

In theory the future should speak young, but it is not.

Between school and work are the Neets. The acronym Neet refers to young people who do not have a job and are not even doing training experiences. The phenomenon, for the age group of 15 to 34 years, in 2020 recorded an incidence of 25.1% throughout Italy (according to Giovani.stat). The region with the highest percentage is Sicily (41% of unemployed young people), followed by Campania (38.7%), Calabria (38.4%), Puglia (32.9%) and Molise (31%).

An image, this, partly conditioned by the outbreak of the pandemic, with its known repercussions in the world economy. Italy has the lowest youth employment rate among the top 11 European countries (42%). In the last 10 years, therefore, the type of part-time employment has increased significantly among both young men and young women between the ages of 25 and 29.

With this perennial lack of work, young people turn to part-time work which represents the only job opportunity.

A separate chapter is the question of practices. According to the conclusions of the Anpal (National Agency for Active Labor Policies), in the period 2014-2019, up to 17% of young people entered the labor market through internships. In general, the number of internships activated each year is growing, thanks also to the incentives of the Youth Guarantee program. A 6-month internship becomes an employment contract in only 25.2% of cases. If it only lasted 1 month, on 19.4% of the occasions. Of those who were at least 3 months in the company, only 23.4% were hired then.

The situation is also black for temporary workers and VAT numbers. The various decrees have had no effect on this large “marginal” segment of the labor market. On them, looking at state figures, there was a tsunami: in one year 393 thousand fewer temporary workers and -209 thousand self-employed.

Legislative protection measures need to be amended because they have failed in the face of the emergency test, particularly for temporary workers and VAT numbers.

Disappointing data: according to the state, the central age group of the labor market from 25 to 49 years is virtually unemployed. Not only can it not access the job (in one year both segments have lost, in total, almost 500,000 employees), but it is no longer looking for it, given the rise of inactive people. It is a very worried sign, which should not be underestimated.

According to unions, there is a need for incentives and an immediate reduction in the cost of labor that weighs on companies.

In a stormy and black phase like the one we are experiencing, it is essential to implement active policies immediately, with the involvement of individuals, and above all with a better education.

We cannot carry out emergency measures alone.

If you don’t change your pace, you’re still like the ostrich!

Leave a Comment