The current ongoing conflict, in addition to involving specific areas of Eastern Europe, endangers certain countries located on the borders of these theaters of war, especially if they have declared and self-determined nations within them. . de facto independent. Moldova, a former state belonging to the Soviet Union, gained independence in 1991; already the following year the Republic of Transnistria unilaterally declared its autonomy with respect to the new Moldovan state, indirect product of the Romanian revolution that brought the Ceausescus to the gallows, in the birth of 89. From this fateful year and of the events that took place, fine lines were drawn to affect the recent history of independent Moldova: poverty, emigration and corruption, especially in public sectors such as education, training and health. Nepotism, the movement of capital in the underground economy and interethnic tensions between Gagauz, Moldovans of Romanian and Russian ethnicity have provoked direct confrontations with the small autonomies present in the territory, which look towards Istanbul and Moscow respectively. The latter’s attempt, according to geopolitical analysts, would be to take Transnistria, Donbass and Crimea under its wing. The EU, in this sense, has approached Moldova facilitating the processes of integration, stabilization and association with the Community apparatus. , ending it all in its own eastern expansion also with Northern Macedonia and Albania. A substantial part of the community funds goes to schools for the promotion of programs dedicated to democracy, its merits, its imperfections and the opportunities it offers to the populations.
Workshops, programs, objectives: building students’ democratic awareness
Schools are a reflection of society and play a key role in shaping students’ understanding of key social issues in a spirit of mutual respect, peaceful dialogue and human dignity. The war in Ukraine had profound repercussions on neighboring Moldova due to geographical proximity, close family ties and the arrival of a large number of Ukrainian refugees, among other factors. Immediately afterwards, the educational community of Moldova had to face the difficult task of continuing the process of skills development for democratic culture, started in 2018 by reviewing the subject of civic education on the basis of the Framework of competencies for the democratic culture of the Council. of Europe, in this new context. To support teachers in this process, the Council of Europe has organized, in close collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Research, seven online workshops for teachers in the framework of the project. “Education for Democracy in the Republic of Moldova”. Titled “The specificity of skills development for democratic culture in the current social context”the seven half-day workshops were organized from March 30 to April 8 and were attended by about 1,000 teachers of citizenship and history.
Structuring of workshops and projects: civic education returns to the center
The workshops aimed to provide teachers with a space to reflect critically on their emotions, perceptions and needs, as well as on the pedagogical practices to be adopted in a crisis situation laden with strong emotional feelings. influence the pedagogical process from the beginning of the war, the issues raised by school-age children in their search for meaning and predictability, pedagogical strategies to respond to the needs of school-age children, the identification of more appropriate teaching tools and methods for the development of skills for democratic culture in a crisis situation, the needs and resources that teachers themselves have in this process. The workshops offered the opportunity for much-needed, rich but sometimes difficult peer exchanges that helped teachers better understand their role and be better prepared to talk about current events with schoolchildren.. “This seminar helped us to connect with each other, to be in social cohesion, it helped us to avoid emotional pitfalls. [e a rimanere professionali]”, said a teacher. Based on the discussions during the workshops, Council of Europe experts, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Research, will develop a set of recommendations on skills development for democratic culture in the current context. , which will be shared with all of Moldova. educational community.