Teacher training in Italy is being reformed

The room of deputies approved on June 29, in short, the bill that turned the decree law 36 of application of the PNRR (National Plan of Recovery and Resilience) already approved in the Council of Ministers of the past month of April. The provision also contains the new rules for initial and continuing training and recruitment of secondary school teachers.

THE BOARD

Some paths for those who want to teach. A clearer definition of the objectives and methods of teacher training throughout their career. Annual competitions for the constant hiring of staff, opening the doors to young people more quickly and avoiding the formation of new insecurities. These are the three pillars of the reforms approved for the school.

Training and initial qualification

With the law of reconversion approved, the modalities of initial training, qualification and access to teaching in secondary are defined.

Expected:

An enabling university cycle of initial training (corresponding to at least 60 training credits), with final exam.

National public competition held annually.

A one-year in-service trial period with final trial and final evaluation.

Therefore, the text provides for a precise course of initial training, selection and testing.

The habilitation training course can be taken after graduation, or during the training course, in addition to the credits required to obtain the degree. There is an internship period in schools. The final exam includes a simulated lesson, to check, in addition to the knowledge of the disciplinary contents, the teaching capacity. Universities will organize and manage training courses.

The degree will allow access to examinations, which will take place annually, to fill the vacancies of professor and to speed up access to the function of those who want to teach. The winners of the competition will be hired with a trial period of one year, which will end with an evaluation aimed at verifying the teaching skills acquired by the teacher. If successful, there will be entry into the role.

While waiting for the new system to come into full operation, direct access to the competition is planned for those who have already been teaching in public schools for a minimum of 3 years. Then, the winners will have to get 30 university credits and take the qualification test to pass the function.

During the transition phase, those who do not already have three years of teaching behind them, but want to teach, will be able to obtain the first 30 university credits, including the internship period, to access the competition. The winners will then take the other 30 credits and take the qualifying test to pass the function.

The law also provides for the revision of the current competition classes with their rationalization and consolidation.

Continuing education and National School

The continuous training of teachers will be continuous and structured, so that the innovation of teaching models is favored, also in view of the experience acquired during the health emergency and in accordance with the development objectives of innovative teaching that provides for the National Plan. of Recovery and Resilience.

Training on digital skills and on the critical and responsible use of digital tools will be part of the training that is already compulsory for everyone and will take place during working hours.

Then, the decree introduces a system of updating and training with a three-year planning that will allow teachers to acquire knowledge and skills to design a teaching with innovative tools and methods. Full-time teachers and personalities from the system dedicated to school planning will take part. This training will be voluntary for those who are already in office today, it will become mandatory for new hires, once the contract has been adjusted. It will take place at different times of the working day and can be paid after a selective evaluation, it is the so-called incentive training. The criteria of the incentive system and the number of additional hours to be performed will be decided during the negotiation.

Continuing education courses will be defined by the School of Higher Education, which is established by the approved decree, and will be responsible not only for adopting the specific guidelines on the subject, but also for accrediting and verifying the structures. who will have to teach the teachings. , to ensure the highest quality. The School, which is part of the PNRR reforms, will also be in charge of training courses for managers and auxiliary, technical and administrative staff.

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