The generic Bianchi school plan: 1.5 billion against territorial gaps and early school leaving. But we are only the titles

Territorial gaps in learning and early school leaving are an increasingly important issue for the school world. This is also shown by the latest data from Invalsi, which give a worrying picture in which some regions are struggling to keep up with others. Learning data, for example, tell us that 70 per cent of high school graduates do not reach the basic level of mathematics in Campania, Calabria, Sicily and Sardinia. Even the data on implicit dropout (a phenomenon that affects those who do not officially drop out of school but finish their studies without having the necessary basic skills) are not encouraging. In this case, in some regions – such as Campania, Sardinia and Calabria – the figure is almost double the national average. But the ministry has a plan to try to fix the problems.

“The Pnrr of Education envisages a major investment to combat territorial gaps and early school leaving: 1.5 billion by 2026 to begin reversing the trend and counteracting a phenomenon we have been experiencing for many years. our strategy with a concrete intervention that will have its pivot in our schools, to which we will allocate resources directly “, wrote the Minister of Education, Patrizio Bianchi, in an open letter sent to the editorial staff of Orizzonte Scuola. “A national plan divided into three different actions – explains Bianchi -: the first, which provides an endowment of 500 million, for interventions in the age group between 12 and 18 years, the second dedicated to promoting the acquisition of a diploma from young people aged between 18 and 24 who have dropped out of school, the third aimed at projects to improve basic skills and national projects in the most peripheral and fragile areas of cities and the country. ”I adds: “I signed the decree for the first tranche of 500 million.”

Bianchi wants to clarify some aspects, such as the issue of the distribution of funds, which has aroused controversy in recent days. “The resources were allocated directly to the centers, identified with objective and transparent criteria (including those indicated in the document of the working group of experts that we set up in the ministry) published in the decree: 3,198 centers between first and second of secondary. schools, aims at 12-18 years of this action set by the European Commission. “It specifies that” these are not funds that have been freely distributed, but are aimed at individual educational institutions that have registered the indexes higher learning fragility, according to data from Invalsi. “This, explains the counselor,” allows to speed up the times with a more streamlined procedure and directly affect the most critical situations, from an endowment that provides criteria objectives at the regional level such as the rate of early exit from the education and training system, the number of pupils and students, the presence of foreign students, the number of families and the education rates of the population, and at the individual school level the learning fragility rate calculated by Invalsi and the number of students. attending it “.

Bianchi then comments that “schools can act alone or online, with the aim of enhancing the basic skills of the most vulnerable students, counteracting dispersion with an integrated and inclusive approach, which adapts to the training needs of the people, together with local resources, also activating community education pacts. ”The projects, which must reach at least 420,000 students, he adds,“ start with the next academic year and last for two years. The institutes can promote collaborative activities with the local community, enhancing synergy with the third sector, institutional and Volunteering “.

The schools will soon be told what to do and, he says, they will not lack support: “We are by our side all the way. We will soon give guidelines, certainly also using the instructions of the ministerial working group, with “We will provide support and accompaniment to schools and our school leaders also through the PNRR support group that we are creating both nationally and in each regional school office.” The request to the institutes is “to identify a working group that coordinates the activities, with one or more referring teachers. We always want to guarantee dialogue and collaboration, giving indications for the implementation and for the achievement of the objectives set by the Pnrr, for monitoring and reporting. It is a system action, in which each one of us is called to do his part, to accompany the most fragile students in his way ”.

But that’s not all, he assures us. “It will not only be this Plan that will intervene to counteract the phenomenon of dispersion which, due to its complexity, must be tackled with all the interventions of the PNR. We have a precise program. Concrete actions are also foreseen within the structural funds. (PON 2021-2027) with special attention to undergraduate centers, in order to ensure absolute synergy with this specific action of the Plan which has as its main objective the 12-18 age group Other measures of our Pnrr, first of all the orientation reform and that of the technical and professional institutes contribute to the goal, which is decisive for our school and for the development of our whole country. “

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