Invalsi tests certify the harm of the father to our children

A stopped school system, which has only partially mitigated the damage of the pandemic and the father to our children but fails to return to the levels of preparation and skills of 2019. Before the Covid and a shock that has overwhelmed millions of students exposing the weaknesses of the Italian school. The analysis of the results of the Invalsi 2021-2022 tests is ruthless, although it shows a small light at the end of the tunnel: it is true that the worsening of school results that had been photographed in 2021 compared to 2019 seems to have stopped , but the partial relief is valid only for primary and secondary because in high school the outlook is depressing.

A photograph that updates the debate on the so-called implicit or hidden early school leaving, because the problem is no longer just the percentage of those who surrender before the end of the school year, but extends to those who reach the bottom without , however, having acquired the necessary basic skills. And for this reason, writes the report of the Invalsi 2021-2022, it is “at high risk of having limited prospects of integration into society, very similar to those of students who have not finished high school.”

The implicit dispersion went from 7.5% in 2019 to 9.8% in 2021 with a very slight decline (9.5%) today. But while the national trend is worrying, that of the frightening southern areas: Campania 19.8%, Sardinia 18.7%, Calabria 18% and Sicily 16% paint a picture of profound inequality compared to the rest of the country in access to the fundamental resource. represented by education and training.


The Invalsi tests are ruthless in the institutes, where in 2020 and 2021 no pandemic was carried out. Here are the most pronounced falls compared to 2019 pre Covid and distance learning. At the national level, high school students recorded a decrease of 4% (from 70% to 66%) among those who managed to reach at least the basic level in Italian and 8% (from 62% to 54%) for mathematics with a territorial gap whereby in all regions of southern Italy, with the exception of Abruzzo, those who stopped before the basic level exceeded half (more than 55%) in mathematics and remained just for low (40%) in Italian.

It didn’t get any better than the 2022 graduates, on the contrary. It is impressive to find that only one in two (52%) has completed their studies with a minimum level of knowledge of the Italian language or (50%) of mathematics or English (52%). With the usual situation in the South where sufficient certification is a mirage for a few: 40% in Italian in Campania, Calabria and Sicily, 30% in mathematics in Campania, Calabria, Sicily and Sardinia) and even 20% in listen in English. A disaster from which the alarm for hidden or implicit early school leaving arises.


A little better picture of high school, high school. Here the post-pandemic decline has stopped in Italian and mathematics and there is some indication of a return to normalcy in English. The percentages are higher than those of high school students, although the issue of educational inequality remains topical.

At the national level, 61% of those who took the Italian test and 56% of mathematics with data in line with 2021 achieved a result considered at least adequate in terms of competition, a sign that the decline has been stopped. In English the trend reversal: 78% (+2 points) for reading and 62% (+2) for listening.


The high school at the end of the tunnel is the primary school, where it has returned to 2019 levels for both those who did 2nd this year and those who finished primary school. Boys and girls affected differently by distance learning but still involved in the emergency that hindered for more than a year access to school classrooms and direct relationships with their teachers.

The tightness of the system, however, is there and the results of the Invalsi tests have testified to this. After the second year, the basic level of Italian (72%) and mathematics (70%) was achieved substantially by 3 out of 4 students, while after the fifth the percentage of Italian even increased until the 80% while that of mathematics is reduced to 66%. Certification data in English is even higher. The gap between schools across Italy is narrowing, the report notes, although it remains a percentage of inequality compared to the South.

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