Dropping out of school in Italy, 13.1% of students run away from school

More than 15% in the South. The case of the province of Trento is abandoned here with 19%

For many students the night before exams it never arrives. In fact, 13.1% decide drop out of higher education and settle for middle school. Italy, within the European Union, is one of the countries with the highest rate of school dropout: in 2020 we were the fourth country with more abandonments, 13.1%after Malta 16.7%Spain 16% in Romania 15.6%. In the opening graph the dropout rate in Italy region by region, the most dramatic situation in the South and the Islands but the data also show the case ofschool dropout in the province of Trento, with the second highest percentage of unemployed students in eighth grade, 19%. The most rushed to leave school are Sicilian students, here school ends sooner 19.4% of the apprentices.

Not only dropout, 9.5% of graduates do not achieve the minimum competencies

Is called school dropout and it is the set of the two most impactful phenomena educational level of Italians in high school age: let’s talk about itschool dropout and of inadequate basic skills. Yes, because many students who pass the high school exam actually have (almost) the same skills as those who ended up in high school. To be precise, the 9.5%, according to the latest data from Invalsi, the baccalaureate ends with decidedly inadequate basic skills. In the chart below the percentage of students who do not achieve the minimum competencies even after high school. The young people who need more support from the institutions are those from Campania, here 22.4% of those who have matured do not actually have the basic skills to enter the world of work.

School dropout, from NRR 500 million to curb the problem

Resilience plan, repetition plan. Italy with a percentage of 22.6%in 2019 it was 22.1%, criticism of student education (i.e. the sum between the national dropout rate and inadequate core competencies) needs the PNR to address the strong gaps in the preparation of students and to curb the problem of escape from the banks. The maneuver depends on the Minister of Education, Patrizio Bianchi, who anticipated the distribution to schools of the first 500 million fundsthe first tranche of a resource package amounting to a total of 1.5 billion euros.

School and Pnrr, reduce early school leaving by 2.9 percentage points in 2026

The Ministry of Education has prepared the activation of projects in 3,198 schools, both medium and high. Most of the funds go to the South, 255.8 million euros, 51.16% of the total. The first region for funds against early school leaving is the Campania with 79.3 millionfollowed by Sicily with 74.4 millionand Lombardy with 57.6 million of euro. This investment will be used to create support routes for students at higher risk through dedicated training courses, actions of tutoring and projects created in conjunction with the realities already operating in the area. Students who will benefit from these incentives amount to 420 thousand, but the NRRR for 2026 aims to reach at least double the number of students. The aim of the Plan is to reduce early school leaving by 2.9 percentage points in 2026, from the current 13.1% to 10.2%.

Last updated: July 2022

Source: State – Mise – Invalsi

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