On Wednesday, July 6, the unions will meet with the Minister of Education, Patrizio Bianchi, on the state of implementation of the PNRR (National Recovery and Resilience Plan).
This is an appointment that comes a few days after the approval of the reform of teacher recruitment, Law 79/2022.
What the PNRR offers
“Education and Research“: Assign in total 31.9 billion euros, of which 17 for schools (30.9 billion from the RRF Device and 1 from the Fund) with the aim of strengthening the education system, digital and technical-scientific skills, research and technology transfer.
The resources devoted to education are equal 17,590 million euros (including “existing” projects), with 11 lines of investment, 6 for infrastructure and 5 for skills. The beneficiaries of the resources allocated to education, which will be allocated through public announcements, are the schools, ITS and the local entities that own the buildings with regard to the interventions of the school building.
Here is the Pnrr website for education with a single portal that will allow the school world to find data, public notices and information.
Training and initial qualification
With the law of reconversion approved, the modalities of initial training, qualification and access to the teaching in secondary are defined.
- A enabling university course initial training (corresponding to at least 60 training credits), with final exam.
- A national public competition with cadence annual.
- A probationary period in service a year with final test and final evaluation.
Therefore, the text envisages a precise path of initial training, selection and testing.
He enabling training course it can be done after graduation, or during the training course, in addition to the credits needed to achieve the degree. There is a internship period in schools. The final exam includes a simulated lesson, to check, in addition to the knowledge of the disciplinary contents, the teaching capacity. Universities will organize and manage training courses.
The rating will allow access to competitionsthat will be held annually, to fill vacant chairs and to speed up access to the role of those who want to teach. The winners of the competition will be hired with a trial period of one year, which will end with an evaluation aimed at verifying the teaching skills acquired by the teacher. If successful, there will be entry into the role.
Waiting for that the new system is up and running, for those who have been teaching at a public school for at least 3 years, direct access to the competition is planned. The winners will then have to get 30 college credits and take the qualifying test to pass the function.
During the transition phase, those who do not already have three years of teaching behind them, but want to teach, will be able to obtain the first 30 university credits, including the internship period, to access the competition. The winners will then take the other 30 credits and take the qualifying test to pass the function.
The law also provides for the revision of the current competition classes with their rationalization and consolidation.
Continuing education and National School
The continuous training of teachers will be continuous and structured, so that the innovation of teaching models is favored, also in view of the experience acquired during the health emergency and in accordance with the development objectives of innovative teaching that provides for the National Plan. of Recovery and Resilience.
Training on digital skills and on the critical and responsible use of digital tools will be part of the training that is already compulsory for everyone and will take place during working hours.
It is then introduced, by decree, a system of updating and training with a three-year planning which will allow teachers to acquire knowledge and skills to design a teaching with innovative tools and methods. They will participate tenured teachers and figures in the system dedicated to school planning. This training will be voluntary for those who are already in office today, it will become mandatory for new hires, once the contract has been adjusted. It will take place at different times from working hours and can be paid after a selective evaluation, it is called incentive training. The criteria of the incentive system and the number of additional hours to be performed will be decided at the meeting negotiation.
Continuing education courses will be defined by the Higher education school, which is established with the approved decree, and will be responsible not only for adopting the specific guidelines on the subject, but also for accrediting and verifying the structures that will have to teach the courses, to ensure the highest quality. The School, which is part of the PNRR reforms, will also be in charge of training courses for managers and auxiliary, technical and administrative staff.
The rest of the ongoing reforms
In compliance with the guidelines of the European Commission and EU Regulation no. 241/2021 all reforms will be adopted in 2022.
Reform of professional technical institutes
The reform aims align the curricula of the technical and professional institutes with the demand for skills that comes from the productive fabric of the countryin particular towards the production of innovation of the national plan Industry 4.0 and the deep digital innovation that takes place in all sectors of the labor market.
The high The quality of the curriculum offered will promote employabilitythanks also to the harmonization of training programs according to the needs of each territory.
The reform invests in human capital in a specific and appropriate approach to the geographical, economic and social conditions of each local context, with direct short- and long-term benefits on the country’s growth potential.
The reform will begin guidance modules in secondary and high school centers (of at least 30 hours for fourth and fifth year students) and a digital guidance platform will be created for the tertiary training offer of universities and ITS. To put in synergy the educational system, the university system and the world of work it favors a conscious choice of continuing studies or subsequent vocational training and contrasts school dropout and the growth of grandchildren.
The reform also provides for theextension of four-year high school experimentation and technicianswith 1,000 more classes in so many schools (in addition to the current 100).
The reform will be approved in 2022.
Reorganization of the school system
The reform seeks to take action two strategic aspects: the number of students per class and the size of the school network.
The number of students enrolled in schools will decrease in the coming years due to low birth rates, which will lead to a reduction in the need for school staff: a scenario that offers the opportunity to rethink the organization of the school system.
The end result will be a reduction in the average number of students per class, to the benefit of the quality of teaching.
ITS system reform
The reform aims to simplify the organizational and teaching model, increase the number of institutes and membersimprove the quality of the connection with the network of entrepreneurs of the territories, in order to save the mismatch between labor supply and demand.
ITS, thanks also to collaborations with companies, universities, research centers and local entities, will be able to offer this route. increasingly advanced job-oriented higher degree coursesand for the training of technicians who manage highly complex systems and processes in six areas: energy efficiency; sustainable mobility; new technologies of life; new technologies for Made in Italy; innovative technologies for cultural heritage and related activities; information and communication technologies.
The full implementation of the reform, which will be adopted in the first half of 2022, is scheduled for 2025.
Reforms already implemented
Nursery and nursery
3 billion euros for Plan for kindergartens and nursery schools: the aim is to reduce the existing gap in early childhood education services and strengthen them throughout the territory in the 0-6 age range. This is how the 3 billion will be distributed: 2.4 billion for the 0-2 age group (55.29% of these resources will go to the South) and 600 million for the 3-5 year age group (40% for the South). This is the second tranche of a total allocation of 4.6 billion provided for in the PNRR for this chapter, thanks to which a total of 1,800 interventions will be created in school buildings and 264,480 new places to accommodate boys and girlsimproving the service offered to families to support, too, of female employment.
800 million of euros for the Construction plan for 195 new schools to replace old buildings (40% of the resources will go to the South). They will be innovative schools from the architectural and structural point of view, highly sustainable and with the maximum energy efficiency, inclusive and able to guarantee a teaching based on innovative methodologies and on the full usability of the teaching environments. Once the areas for the construction of the schools have been identified, the Ministry of Education will launch a design competition.
400 million euros for the reinforcement of the full day by increasing the school canteens (57.68% of the resources will go to the South). The endowment will allow to carry out some thousand interventions, building new spaces or redeveloping the existing ones.
300 million euros (54.29% of resources will go to the South) to increase the supply of sports activities through the construction of gyms or the redevelopment of existing ones, for a total of 230,400 square feet to build or redevelop.
710 million euros for Security plan and redevelopment of schools (40% of the resources will go to the South): the Regions identify the Entities to be admitted to funding from the regional programs to ensure the security and redevelopment of the heritage of the existing school building.
Soon the reform of the hiring, the revision and the update of the classes of the contest
PNRR, 212 new schools on the way: here is the call for the design competition