As announced on Wednesday, June 29, the 45 goals and milestones set by the National Recovery and Resilience Plan for the first half of 2022 have been achieved and, therefore, the Ministry of Economy and Finance has sent the sun Application for payment of the second term to the European Parliament. Fund Commission. This amounts to 24.1 billion euros, of which 11.5 billion in non-repayable grants and 12.6 billion in loans (21 billion, net of pre-financing already collected in August 2021, of which 10 billion in grants and 11 billion in loans). As always, the resources will be disbursed in the coming months, when the procedure provided for in the regulations is completed: the European Commission has two months to evaluate the application and then the Economic and Financial Committee will have four weeks to decide. Italy already received in August 2021 a first pre-financing worth 24.9 billion euros, while in April 2022 came the payment of the first term of 21 billion euros. Next steps: Italy will have to reach 55 more targets by December 31, 2022. If they are achieved, it will receive the third tranche of 21.8 billion.
The main objectives achieved in this semester are shown at italiadomani.gov.it. Here are a few.
Let’s start with health. On 23 June, the Decree on the reform of territorial assistance (Decree of 23 May 2022, No. 77 “Regulation defining models and rules for the development of territorial assistance in the National Service was published in the Official Gazette. of Health “) and agreements were signed between The Ministry of Health and the Regions / Autonomous Provinces define the requirements for new care, with the reorganization of territorial medicine in community homes (at least 1,350), community hospitals (at least 400) and territorial operational centers (at least 600). The goal for 2026 is to have these structures interconnected, technologically equipped, fully operational and in operation. In addition, by 2026, telemedicine tools must be able to provide assistance to at least 800,000 people over the age of 65 in home care.
Going then to the website of the Ministry of Culture, we read that all the objectives have been achieved with the allocation of more than 1.8 billion euros of investments to improve the energy efficiency of 274 cinemas, 348 theaters and 120 museums; for the attractiveness of 310 villages (line A + line B); for the improvement of 134 historic parks and gardens; for the seismic adequacy and security of 257 places of worship, towers and bell towers and for the restoration of 286 churches belonging to the Fund for Worship Buildings of the Ministry of the Interior (FEC).
In the field of University and Research, the Minister Maria Cristina Messa announced on June 28 last year that she had allocated more than 4.3 billion euros in six months to create 5 National Research Centers in the chain supply, 11 innovation ecosystems at the territorial level and create or strengthen 49 research infrastructures and innovation technology. At the school level, three of the six reforms provided for in the PNRR have already been completed: reform of recruitment and initial teacher training, educational training school, ITS.
At that time, the law on the delegation of public procurement was approved, which has among its main objectives the reduction of the times of the contracting phase, as well as the digitization, qualification and reduction of the contracting powers (which today are some 40 mil). The national circular economy strategy and the national waste management program have been defined.
And digital? With the award of the tender dedicated to the creation of new 5G networks in areas of Italy without fast mobile internet and the last batch of the 1 Giga call for Italy, the goal was achieved. of the PNRR to award all tenders always for the Italian strategy for ultra-broadband. As the Minister of Technological Innovation and Digital Transition, Vittorio Colao, underlined, “in 13 months we approved the Italian strategy, obtained European authorizations, published and assigned all Pnrr calls and invested an approximate value of 5.5 billion euros, with the ambitious goal of connecting all of Italy in 2026 with fixed and high-speed mobile networks. “
Meanwhile, the so-called “PNRR 2 decree”, Legislative Decree no. 36/2022 turned into law on June 29, 2022 and published the same day in the Official Gazette no. 150. From the new functionalities of the INPA portal to the rules on mobility, to professional profiles, there are various measures that affect the PA, as can be read on the website of the Civil Service where emphasizes that the Legislative Decree “contributed to the completion of the reform of public employment and, therefore, to the full achievement of the M1C1-56 milestone scheduled for June 30, also anticipating some of the essential elements of the milestone M1C1-58 which will be completed on June 30, 2023. “.
Of course, the road to the implementation of the PNRR is still long, it requires attention to goals, timing and a long-term look to overcome the still open criticisms. We have talked about it in all the appointments of the FORUM PA 2022, putting in the center of the comparison what has been done so far, the challenges for the implementation of now and the next years and the ways proposed to take full advantage of this great opportunity. One of the topics we put at the center of the event (in fact, the real leitmotif) was the network and the value that each person involved in the restart can bring to the achievement of the objectives of the Plan. An issue that we would like to reconnect here, as a point of reflection, with two debates raised in recent days.
Let’s start with Openpolis, an association with which we spoke at the FORUM PA and which this week we are organizing a contribution on the subject of civic monitoring of the PNRR. Openpolis stressed last Monday that the new monitoring system announced by the General Accounting Office of the State will only be operational from the end of July, therefore, after the report on which was done in the first half of 2022. the emphasis again on what is the indispensable premise for the different subjects of active citizenship to make their own contribution to the process of monitoring and advancing the Plan: the availability of data.
So let’s move on to another hot topic these days, which would seem distant, but which is actually connected to the issue of stakeholder and territory involvement: let’s talk about the fate of the PNRR Funds against early school leaving. On June 28, Minister Patrizio Bianchi signed the decree for a first tranche of 500 million, which will fund projects in 3,198 schools with students aged 12 to 18. Resources that are allocated directly to educational institutions “on the basis of precise indicators relating to dispersion and the socio-economic context”, as the councilor emphasized. Here is the breakdown of resources by region and the list of schools that will receive the resources. More than 50% of the funds go to the South. Projects will begin next school year and last two years. In total, 1.5 billion is available against early school leaving and for overcoming territorial gaps: this first section, recalls the Ministry of Education, will be followed by two more, the first dedicated to obtaining a diploma from young people, even between 18-24 years old, who dropped out of school early; the second to activate projects to improve basic skills to overcome territorial gaps and also some national projects in the most peripheral areas of cities and the country.
Already in recent days, however, there have been complaints from school principals and school associations regarding the criteria used for the distribution of the first 500 million. Specifically, the FLC CGIL stressed that the “indispensable contribution of schools” is absent in the definition of the criteria for allocating these resources. Without going into the background and reserving further reflections on the subject, we can see how, even in this case, there is a lack of leadership of the territories and subjects directly involved in the measures of the Plan. This, then, remains a delicate aspect, on which we must continue to dwell.