He Gay Pride is held in June, and behind this election is a story perhaps not so well known. It happened June 28, 1969 and involved the LGBTQ + community in New York. At the Stonewall Inn, on Christopher Street in Manhattan’s Greenwich Village, a police station subjected the pub to humiliating searches, with the aim of verifying that gay, gay, lesbian and transgender people wore at least three pieces of clothing. corresponding to their sex. as required by law, since the dresscrossing -that is, the practice of dressing contrary to the gender recognized by law- was illegal. But that night something changed and marked the beginning of the riots that in 1970 became real celebrations of gay identity.. One of the best known symbols of pride is the rainbow flag, born in 1978, when Harvey Milk, The San Francisco City Councilman and first openly gay man elected as a civil servant in California askedgay artist and activist Gilbert Baker to create an emblem representing the queer community. Also called the “flag of freedom” (flag of freedom), has been a symbol of gay and lesbian pride since the 1980s and several variants have been added to represent all members of the LGBTQI + community.
But there’s another component that is never missing in Pride parades, as well as queer nights around the world, and it also has an even lesser-known story, but one that deserves to be traced and told. Let’s talk about glitter, essential to the looks of the protagonists of Euphoria who made it without which a make-up does not make sense to exist, but with roots that have more to do with the Paleolithic than with the 2000s. The word comes from Old Norse glitra which is a verb that means the same as it means glitter when used as a verb, or to shine. The first known use of the word glitterera dates back to the 14th century, but there are patches of red, black and white mica (a type of shiny rock that is still used to make our multiform painting shiny), in caves painted in the Upper Paleolithic, ranging from 40,000 to 10,000 BC. Again: Maya was found to use little to make her face shine, especially temples, even if only for special occasions.
The inventor of modern glitter is from New Jersey, his name is Henry Ruschmann and in 1943 he discovered a way to make the things we sell in the form of glitter by breaking plastics and other materials left in landfills into thousands of pieces. Ruschmann’s company, Meadowbrook Inventions, still produces glitter today, although some people consider plastic-derived gl , as they are quite dangerous. for children. Although there are several nuances in glitter manufacturing methods, we usually now make them with large sheets of thin plastic or film covered with a layer of aluminum or other reflective material. This is then coated with titanium dioxide for color, which does not depend on chemistry but on optics; in other words, the thickness of the titanium dioxide layer is what determines whether your 2010 Lady Gaga dress is purple, green or pink or whatever..
According to Nancy Deihl, a fashion historian who teaches at New York University, “Glitter evokes jewelry and therefore wealth and power. In Western society, people have been sewing glitter on clothes since the period Tudor, when the nobles used silver and less rich used alloys. Like tin to adorn their tunics and bodies. They loved to put a little metal in things. ” Designers like Chanel returned to this technique in the 1980s to make their dresses “more lively”. The climax, however, was the 1920s; the women sewed beads and sequins abundantly on their dresses.
Before it was completely erased by pop icons like Lady Gaga, Beyonce, Dua Lipa, and before it invaded our screens with teen dramas like the aforementioned Euphoria, and many others, the conventional thought about glitter in makeup was : don’t get up. it. , is for children or sex workers. Then the rule changed to: you can wear it, but subtly, so no one knows you wear it. Finally: go, abound, use the whole palette in one night. Also Deihl, on this, told Vice Usa, even before the series starring Zendaya: “There are things that go back to the 70s, with people putting on make-up in a scandalous, unconventional, provocative way. But when it comes to clothing and the mainstream, not countercultural makeup, the phenomenon of teenage girls putting glitter on their faces, even for being in the park, is relatively recent. ” Glitter has been a symbol of LGBT empowerment for a few years now, so it makes sense as a tool against conservative misogyny and homophobia. With one more detail: what makes him annoying, and is the fact that he easily hooks up with others with his being so extravagant, is also what makes him powerful. And maybe you’ve never considered that.
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