The Pnrr and the school, resources to make use of

But not all hypothesized interventions are being well received by those who live every day at school. Education Minister Patrizio Bianchi tries to navigate in a context where opposing forces are daily (the strikes called are confirmation of this). First of all, it is necessary to explain the criteria on which the more than 5.2 billion euros allocated will be distributed. The measures relate in particular to the construction and safety of nursery schools and nursery schools, the construction of innovative schools, the strengthening of gyms and canteens and the redevelopment of the school building park. The resources represent around a third of the funds provided by the PNR for the benefit of the education system, which add up to a total of 17,590 million euros. These are the main planned items of expenditure.

Instruction. The PNR provides for numerous interventions for the education system, which include reforms and lines of investment divided into two categories: infrastructure and skills. The technical and professional institutes, the system of higher technical institutes (ITS), but also the school guidance system, the recruitment and training of teachers and the organization of the school system as a whole will be reformed. An action that triggered a strong backlash from the trade union world, which led to the strike on 30 May.

Infrastructure. The PNR provides more than 5 billion euros for the construction and improvement of school buildings, through the construction and redevelopment of schools, kindergartens and nursery schools, canteens and sports infrastructure. An investment of this size in favor of school buildings goes in the direction of reversing the historical trend of divestment in this sector and the conditions of antiquity and insecurity that many Italian school structures are currently experiencing. According to a recent report by the Agnelli Foundation, in fact, about two-thirds of school buildings in Italy were built before 1976 and more than 8% have structural problems. In addition, digital infrastructures will be strengthened, to increase connectivity and ensure a fast connection to all schools.

Abilities. From the point of view of competences, the investments provided for in the PNR will go towards the integration of digital education in school itineraries and digital training aimed at school staff, the improvement of basic competences and, in particular, the reduction of territorial gaps in this area. , the development of ITS, and the extension of the full day.

Resource allocation criteria.
The general rule used in the allocation of PNR resources provides that 40 percent of the resources go to southern Italy (principle reaffirmed in Decree 343 of December 2, 2021, which sets out the specific criteria for the
of resources in the field of school construction). The distribution by territory takes into account the age of the buildings, the number of students, the demographic evolution of the school population and the presence in seismic areas.

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There seems to be less talk about it than it should be. Less than war, and there may be, less than Covid, and thankfully there is less talk of Covid because it goes less up, but also less than many much less important things. What do I mean? (Watch out for the game, watch out for the game …). In short: there are fewer children, there are fewer boys and girls, and fewer students, so fewer classes, and less early childhood education, and fewer teachers. Less and less. Tell me who did it less. Luckily I’m kidding, but there’s not much of a joke, less than you think. Demographers say the trend is now entrenched and we risk becoming even less so every year. It seems that even foreigners, who now have fewer children, are not enough to fill possible gaps. I hope someone proposes to integrate kindergarten and elementary students with dogs and cats, who are now part of many families. You could call it pet education, and if one is worth it, we hope it works.

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