In 2015 Cloe Bianco worked as a teacher at the Scarpa-Mattei Technical Institute in San Donà di Piave, in the province of Venice, she had just become a permanent teacher. The father of one of his students, who learned that the teacher had entered the classroom with a wig and women’s clothing, had written a letter to the then Minister of Education of the Veneto Region, Elena Donazzan, harshly denouncing the matter: is the school really shrinking like this? ”Donazzan had posted the entire letter on Facebook commenting with“ draw your own conclusions ”and had told the press,“ I will ask for action. His sphere of affectivity is a personal fact. But what happened is serious. We are very concerned about the cradle in school so as not to offend the sensibilities of Muslim students. And then? The teacher had been suspended from work for three days, tried to defend herself by filing an appeal to the Labor Court but lost it, the judge motivated the decision arguing that leaving in this way was not “responsible and correct”, and that first he should have prepared the class.After that, Bianco had started working in the school office, until the tragic end of a few days ago.Newspapers, social media and internet pages reported the suicide in sensational and tearful tones, Cloe Bianco was portrayed as another victim of loneliness, depression and discomfort, but few have objectively analyzed the teacher’s legal issue.What were her rights? What are yours? I asked Nicole De Leo, president of MIT, Movimento Identità Trans, the oldest association for the rights of trans people in Italy.
Perhaps the only reflection published in recent days on this story that has really focused the issue is on the Democratic Judiciary website. The National Council of the College of Magistrates has put the focus on one key point: that of the court was an erroneous decision, not morally or ethically unacceptable, but legally incorrect. The school administration, parents, students had no right to demand a “correct” or “responsible” exit, but had a legal obligation to respect Bianco’s identity. There is no duty of correct transition, responsible, “decent”, decent with respect to what? A person makes a transition and decides how to do it, if someone doesn’t consider it decent, they have no public interest. We must start from the law, it is enough to refer to the Constitution to understand that in this situation the fundamental rights of the human person have not been recognized, there is the regulation of our civil life. first of all of the Constitution. He added that in 1996, with the ruling of the Cornwall County Council, the Court of Justice stated that “the right not to be discriminated against on the grounds of sex is one of the fundamental rights of the human person” and added that the ‘application of the in this way, the prohibition can not be “reduced only to discrimination on grounds of sex,” but often does not take into account the content of the sentence, as in the case of Bianco.
This story happened within the walls of the school, the first place where respect, dignity, empathy and equality should be learned. Italy does not envisage sex education as a compulsory subject, unique in Europe along with Bulgaria, Cyprus, Lithuania, Poland and Romania, and has never been equipped with a system governing education for equality and gender equality. gender in schools.
Within the Zan ddl, among other things, education in the school was also regulated in terms of gender issues, surely if this path had been started it would have been easier, for children who were in difficulty, welcome Professor Cloe Bianco, but the The bill has been sunk and trans people are still here today to reaffirm that our rights are the same as everyone else’s.
In recent days, the Republic has issued a radio work from the name Home +, created by Sara Sartori. The podcast collects the testimonies of young girls and boys forced to flee their homes because they were not accepted by their families and who have now found hospitality in a Red Cross home. Among the witnesses is that of Francesca, a 19-year-old trans girl. Francesca tells her story and the path of autonomy and growth she faces, a path of setbacks despite her determination and despite the struggles she has won over the years.
Of course, unlike gay and lesbian people, we are visible, we deconstruct the logic of patriarchy, we deconstruct a certain culture, which is why it is more difficult for us to integrate into society, even today when many steps have been taken. The demands that trans people make clash with persistent discrimination, because we cannot hide, we are obvious. To understand, going back to the White case: Donazzon’s statements contain the dominant thought about transsexuality. I think trans people need to make an autonomous path of struggle, our path is much harder, we move forward much more slowly. Of course, some things have changed in form, but not yet in content, we still do not enjoy the same rights as the rest.
Among the things he told Francesca, the trans girl interviewed on the podcast at home +, there is one that impressed me a lot. Growing up in a village in Puglia, until she moved to the city, Francesca had seen trans people only on the street, in prostitution, and wondered, frightened, if she too should have taken that path or if he would. possible to lead a normal life, have a job, a husband, a family. Even today, when we think of a trans person, we associate it with an idea of marginalization, dirt, prostitution. On May 17 the International Day Against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia. To what extent is the fear of trans people still in Italy?
What is still wrong is the starting concept with respect to which phobias are addressed. If I’m sick, I don’t send my neighbor to the doctor. Unfortunately, this kind of logic still holds and instead of curing phobics, they try to “cure” trans people, who are continually evaluated by medicine.
I imagine that one of the big obstacles, compared to other avenues of identity, is having to rely on medicine.
Here, in comparison with this, we consider that today our condition is no longer classified as “gender dysphoria” but as “gender inconsistency”. As I said, steps have certainly been taken, but they are more in form than substance, and ultimately many things are still relegated to medicine, a medicine that restores and assesses our mental state. Of course, we have won many struggles, starting with the 1969 Stonewall riots, in which we rebelled against police abuses, since then a revolution has begun: we ourselves began to write our history, and this it’s a fundamental thing, but let’s not forget that Italy has the horrible record of trans people murdered, murdered just because they took the liberty of being who they are.
Even today, those who want to start the transition process are not always able to take a legal and assisted path and resort to a dangerous and unsafe black market for hormones.
The biggest transs we’ve all done, relied on word of mouth and taken hormones without even consulting an endocrinologist. Now things are changing, MIT has an Asl consultancy within the association where people who want to embark on the hormonal path are cared for. Now here in Bologna we have 1800 users, hosted by three psychologists and two endocrinologists. A 1993 law states that each region should have at least one center where trans people can travel, but the rule has been ignored and currently only a few regions have this service activated.
Among other services, MIT has for years activated a law firm, one for the reception of migrants and another for refugees arriving in Italy because they are in danger of death in their countries of origin, it owns of a van that contacts prostitutes and informs. their rights and the free services they have.
Yes, we must also emphasize that prostitution has now moved a lot within households, so MIT is moving to reach people within households as well. Finally, we do a lot of training and we often turn to young people, these are beautiful and fundamental moments because children are our future and they are the ones who best understand our needs. Since 2008 we have been organizing the Divergenti Festival, which is totally transtematic, very popular with the new generations. Young people have more energy and more openness, but very often they forget or do not know our past, our history, the successes achieved, the people who have fought for the awards obtained so far. The house we are building is brick, but if you take them out, the house collapses.