A rapidly evolving cultural and didactic world leads the school to be at the forefront of student management and preparation, a future citizen endowed – it is expected – with good critical skills when it comes to to enter the world of work or academic training. for a future, hopefully more worthy, of insertion.
TheState exam, or maturity, is a necessary water point with a positively traditional taste between a student, child and learner, and a serious, responsible and autonomous adult. At the basis of the development of written and oral tests, all over the world, it strives to provide traces that leave a huge freedom of expression to the student, able, therefore, to concretize the thought not only of a cultural sphere, but also ideological and sometimes political matrix, in a written subject. These are the elements that, in short, unite the Exams involving millions of students on the European continent. Let’s see how the courses are organized and carried out in the United Kingdom and Germany, trying to get closer to the intrinsic sense of achieving the maturity in these countries.
TheAbitur German: The state exam is intended to be a new start
From the etymological point of view, the German denomination of maturity leaves no room for remarkable interpretations: the term comes from to live, a verb that indicates the transfer, at the end of an archaic military path and in this case of studies, of a child from the school and possibly domestic environment to new professional or academic destinations. TheAbitur is the highest grade German students can achieve after four years of primary school and eight years of high school / high school or gym. This exam, challenging and formidable, certifies the student’s ability to access the equivalent university or higher institutes, with the core competencies revealed. The political debate, due to the institutional fragmentation that affects the whole school regulations, entrusted to the individual administrative communities, promotes, in fact, a homologation of the tests throughout the country, difficult to achieve at the moment. There is no need for transparency. In order for students to be assessed, the exam has been integrated into the last four semesters with the final exam underway. In the last four semesters, the student has taken 44 courses in the following disciplines: German, mathematics, foreign languages, history, natural sciences, music or art education. In the final exam they have to face four written tests and one oral: one test must be in the linguistic field, one in the natural sciences and another in the social sciences and humanities.
The singular case of the United Kingdom: a matter of abilities and not exams
Higher education in the country lasts only 2 years and is not compulsory, because the Secondary school welcomes students from 11 to 16 years: it covers the Italian Secondary and part of the counterparts of Second Degree. There Tertiary education it goes from 16 to 18 years old and ends with maturity exams. In the United Kingdom there are three types: the first is the GSCE (general examination of school certificate), corresponding to the baccalaureate degree in Italy. Then there is theOne level, which is a subcategory of the GSCE, a baccalaureate that is the highest level of public education in the country. Finally, private schools also offer a third independent exam, known as Pre-U, that is to say, Pre-university, corresponding to the title of public degree. Already at the age of 16, when entering high school, students must select disciplines of interest: the Ministry requires a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 4 subjects per exam. In the the University Anglo-Saxons do not register as happens in the beautiful country, but it is the university institutes themselves that present an offer to students based on their curriculum curriculum already during the last year of classes at the institute. The main requirement to have access to the University prestigious, like the well-known ones of Oxford or Cambridge, is to have an A-Level or a Pre U with a high qualification.