“More frequent muscle injuries and longer recovery times”

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21/06/2022 – There were so many ideas from the recent Unicam conference on Orthopedics (read) that they also specifically touched on the world of sports in general.

In particular, the neurological aspects related to the injuries have been addressed, with the latter due to the change in training methods compared to previous years, therefore the methods of intervention from the surgical point of view and especially the recovery therapies. limbs. Despite the development and intervention with new technologies and equipment, the recovery times of muscle injuries have been lengthened, especially to avoid frequent relapses.

There are many cases in football at all levels and also at all ages. These were the topics we delved into with prof. Gian Luca Broglia of Unicam and who deals not only with the rehabilitation but also with the preparation of the athletes in general. It was also attended by many professionals in the medical and sports sector, such as orthopedists, coaches, masseurs and physiotherapists, both professionally and professionally.

How has the way of coaching changed over the years, especially among footballers, as football has become more and more muscular and less technical lately?
“Rather than change the training methods, which have certainly changed anyway,” says Broglia, “I would say that the mentality has changed, especially of the player, who previously did not have this dedication to training (I have been training for many years players). , so I see that it is the player himself who is most interested in sports training and has more dedication to these techniques). As for the work of strengthening muscles, in the past this was much despised, because it was not believed that it could be so important and decisive also in the duration of the effort, therefore, in terms of endurance or maximum strength. .From this point of view, the techniques have certainly also been perfected and we also have equipment and tests that allow us to evaluate it. more precisely characteristics that are fundamental in football and in all sports “.

Today there are more muscle injuries, especially in football, than in previous years, where there was less or different attention to physical preparation, while before there were more traumatic injuries due to physical confrontation. We now witness many muscle injuries even in young people. Why is this happening?
“In terms of muscle injuries, of course, but also contact injuries that are less common (in football we talk about 80% of the first versus 20% of the others). In contrast, 80% of injuries are due to “indirect” causes. As for the muscle injuries, it’s due to the exasperation of the speed of the game. ”

What are the most typical muscle injuries in football?
“The most typical are flexor muscle injuries, that is, the back of the thigh, that part that goes from the hip to the knee, like hamstrings and others. That’s because very often, with sports like football, Basketball, etc. and other sports, there is a big difference between flexors and extensors (between the front and back of the thigh), which are mainly due to braking and the frequent and sudden changes of direction and jumps that are fan ”.

What are the recovery times from these injuries, given the needs of the athletes and clubs for which they play and participate in the frequent commitments they have?
“Unfortunately, we often and willingly have to introduce players that we could probably have kept at rest, but especially at very high levels we have to let them play because of sponsorship issues and results, so that’s a problem. have also been perfected, but in muscle injuries the recovery times must be respected, so there is no way to improve. , as we know, no matter how much the techniques have improved, you can’t go back to 100% and some problems (more or less) this type of injury always leave you. The techniques used in the past also prevent competition from those who made the injured person return faster from this type of injury, we have left them out a bit and lately the times have lengthened, because we understand that it is not so run ecte recover it quickly, because relapses happen very often (see the cases of Zaniolo, Chiesa, etc ..). Now times have lengthened, types of recovery are much more directed, especially from the proprioceptive point of view (brain-muscle connection), which prevents the joints from undergoing rapid changes of direction, jumps and more. So we have reached 6 months, but also 8 months. Let’s take the example of the case of Federico Chiesa: more than 5 months have passed and we still don’t see him training with the team “.

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