The arrival of migrants in Italy returned last year as before the pandemic, to levels of 2017. In 2021, 44,292 people were registered in hotspots (of which 8,934 were minors), a figure similar to 5 years ago. But compared to that time there was a prevalence of presences in Lampedusa equivalent to four times what it achieved that year and a lower number of repatriations, precisely because of Covid 19 and the lower possibility of organizing related flights: 3420 people were repatriated, while another 6153 people were rejected at the border . On the other hand, the percentage of repatriation in reference to the stay in the CPR has not changed: of the 10 present in Italy with a total capacity of 711 places, about 49 percent of the people who have been restricted they remained, on average. for thirty-six days. To clarify this is the report to the Parliament of the National Guarantor of the people deprived of liberty Mauro Palma, which points out that the phenomenon of migrants in our country “will not decrease in the coming years”, “in fact will increase in size”. also taking into account the numerous armed conflicts in various regions of the planet and, in particular, in the last one even closer to us ”.
Four landings with 203 migrants in Lampedusa, babies and mothers transferred to the outpatient clinic
And the current approach “consisting of hotspots, Cpr, repatriation attempts, asymmetric numbers between arrivals, repatriations and positive insertions in the community, and above all a lot of useless suffering and great waste of means, people and money” does not have the characteristics of an “effective” policy. “Instead,” we need systemic solutions that include the possibility of regular access to our country, forms of reception aimed at facilitating a gradual, widespread and secure insertion in the different territories, towards which to direct the investments of the sector “, says the Guarantor, hoping” that this is the one that first recognizes the full citizenship to those who have completed a complete school cycle in Italy for some time “.
Among the problems raised is the “legitimacy” of the detention of migrants in the CPR “when it is already clear a priori” that repatriation to the country of origin “will not be possible. of an irregular migrant, formally directed to repatriate, when it is certain that this result cannot be achieved “.
Steps forward, but the inefficiency of CPR continues
In 2021, less than half of those who went through the CPR were effectively repatriated: “The ineffectiveness of the system of these Centers, already noted in previous Reports to Parliament, therefore calls into question life and the very legitimacy of this deprivation of liberty. ” Daniela de Robert, a member of the College of the National Guarantor of the Rights of Persons Deprived of Personal Freedom, emphasized this in her speech on the occasion of the report to Parliament. “A deprivation – he remembers – which is justified exclusively in the purpose of repatriation, but which does not achieve this purpose in more than half of the cases.” The maximum length of detention is 120 days “and the average length of stay in the various structures last year was 36 days,” he said. “But it is an empty time.” According to Robert, the approval on 19 May of the directive of the Minister of the Interior Lamorgese on the criteria for the organization of detention centers for repatriation, which replaces the CIE regulation of 2014, “certainly marks a step forward in the regulation of such centers, but the lack of a legislative framework that, like the prison system, defines a complete discipline of the conditions of treatment of restricted persons remains.