Organic and didactic, the TAR of Parma rejects the multiclass imposed by the USR

The issue of reducing organic and the dynamics related to teaching have always affected mainly the local, provincial and regional school administrations. He Municipal Administrations they never had a voice in this respect and certainly never boasted of any right in the matter territorial needs. This has been the case so far, but a recent ruling by the Tar actually changes this modus vivendi.

Reduction of staff: ‘multi-class’ is not the best solution

Let’s get to the facts. For the first time the instances of a municipal administration are welcome to Administrative Court, specifically that of Parma, with regard to the decision of the USR to establish a multiclass at a school in Gropparello in the province of Piacenza.

Each year the MI issues an ordinance on school staff and organizes, according to them, class groups also based on inscriptions for each typology of school time. With full rights, so far, the class training it was the exclusive prerogative of the school administration and the various ones provincial educational institutions and / or regional.

To all this we must also add that the aforementioned legislation regulates the teaching staff authorized by the Ministry of Economy for the new school year. The numerical criterion and the dynamics attributable to the ceiling of public spending, therefore, have prevailed so far over needs of the territory in terms of education. All this translates into the gradual increase of merged classes or the chicken coop, with students of different ages who are forced to be “caged” in the so-called multiclasses.

This method of teaching is also problematic for teachers. We also often end up ‘exceeding’ the figures provided by the Ministry, even though we are within the spending limits inherent in the staff employed.

It should also be noted that a mountain municipalities the law provides for the establishment of classes with a number of students not less than 10. On the basis of this prescription, therefore, also in consideration of the insufficiency of the personnel assigned to the province, it is constituted by theTerritorial scope of affiliation the pluriclass, that is to say, a class formed by students of different ages (for example a first and a second), with all the consequences related to it from the point of view. disciplinary teaching.

But let’s go to the contents and implications of the recent judges of the Tar.

In the present case, the multiclass (secondary school) was formed as follows: 8 students of first and 8 students of second, in total the multiclass was formed by 16 students.

The reasons for the regulatory system: ‘the City Council is a responsible body of the community’

In the principles enunciated by the TAR it is clear that the Municipality is without a doubt a “Body responsible for the community“. This axiom is for the first time a new fact. The appeal filed with the Regional Administrative Court byMunicipal administration and the families of the 16 students has found feedback, as the City Council has motivated the various initiatives launched for the school improvement and his community; however, it does State all this should have been taken into account, authorizing separate classes, blatantly ignoring this decision.

The Parma TAR also took into account the views of applicants on critical issues arising from the management of two merged classes. The same court, in fact, accepting the appeal in question, also ruled that the measures were illegitimate. challengedconsidering that the evaluation of the choice to activate the multiclass is illogical, according to the following reasons: “the forecast for the establishment of the pluriclass did not evaluate correctly the different ones public interests The first step is to ensure that students receive training that is differentiated and appropriate to their level. Finally, it is the ministry itself that states that “the multiclasses should only be activated if absolute needin areas especially disadvantaged“.

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