Support Specialization (TFA): What it is and how it develops throughout the course

He Specialization course in teaching support activities for students with disabilitiesknown as TFA supportis a theoretical-practical training course activated by the main Italian universities.

The course, once completed, allows to obtain the rating needed to become a support teacher and to participate in school competitions in the specific support position.

The whole way consists of 60 university training credits (CFU), to be acquired, in the specific case of the 6th cycle, in July 2022.

Yesterday, July 7, 2021, the University Ministry published the decree activating the new TFA VI bike lane.

Each participating university will now publish its call online to proceed with the activation of the course.

Only those who are in possession of the requirements will be able to register.

Subscribers will need to pick one up pre-selection testgoverned by the same previous call, and once passed that they will be able to effectively access the specialization course.


The course is divided into 4 different types of activities to which specific CFUs correspond.

The activities planned for the whole cycle are as follows:

  • Courses for a total of: 36 ECTS
  • Laboratories for a total of: 9 CFU
  • Internship activities for a total of: 12 ECTS
  • Final exam for a total of: 3 credits

In the following table you can find more information about the courses that universities can offer:


With regard to laboratories, the legislation requires that, depending on the grade and the school order, these can be diversified. In the following tables, a complete view of the laboratories to be activated.

It is specified that the laboratory activities are organized favoring the methods of cooperative and collaborative learning, research-action, metacognitive learning, by means of:

  • Group work, simulations, insights.
  • Application experiences in real or simulated situations.
  • Application experiences related to training activities in the disciplinary sectors characteristic of class group management.

primary workshops

secondary laboratories


Internships are planned for a total of 300 hours corresponding to 12 credits divided into direct and indirect practices.

He direct practices must be carried out in not less than 5 months and is carried out in educational institutions.

During the internship experiences, the aspiring support teacher is followed by the tutor chosen from the school faculty.

He indirect practices includes supervision activities by course teachers and refer to:

  • reworking of professional experience;
  • reworking of professional experience from a personal point of view and psychomotor motivation
  • Practical activity on the use of new technologies, applied to special education (ICT)

The report of the experience of professional practices consisting of a collection of elaborations, reflections and documentation, will be the object of the final examination.



The course ends with a final exam which is assigned a specific score. The final exam assesses, through an interview with the candidate:

  • an in-depth theoretical work chosen by the candidate with the aim of demonstrating a complete mastery of the chosen topic and of the applicable aspects in the school environment;
  • a report of the experience of professional practices consisting of a collection of elaborations, reflections and documentation;
  • a multimedia product aimed at special education with the use of communication and information technologies (ICT)

The final exam is considered approved for those candidates who have obtained an assessment of not less than 18/30. The final global assessment, expressed over thirty, is the sum of the arithmetic mean of the scores obtained in the assessments relating to direct and indirect practices, laboratories and teaching as well as the final examination.

The decree for the start of the 6th TFA support cycle has been published: requirements, tests and available places

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