Anxiety, anxiety, stress, discomfort, and insomnia are among the usual reactions of those facing maturity. It is undeniable that the anxiety generated by this passing exam is powerful, so much so that we often hear about people who dream of having to take the exam again many years later, or who have the nightmare of not having it. approved. The concern, however, at this post-pandemic maturity seems to be greater than in previous years, as evidenced by a survey conducted by Skuola.net in conjunction with the Di.Te. National Association, which revealed that more than three interviewees were ‘examine five associated negative moods and pessimistic predictions about one’s psychophysical well-being. In addition, more than 72% are sure to be affected by the exam result. However, there are some expertly recommended strategies that help reduce the effects of anxiety and control insomnia.
When reversing an event or facing a test, anxiety is an inevitable factor. Not only that, it is necessary: it is in fact a psychological activation linked to survival and the achievement of a goal. The question, then, is not how to eliminate anxiety, but how to learn to manage it so that it does not become widespread in the mind, impeding performance, inhibiting thinking, and preventing sleep.
Examination of maturity, how to overcome anxiety: the advice of the expert
“In the case of maturity, the level of anxiety depends mainly on the level of investment and the value attributed not only by the person facing it, but also the expectations in the family environment and by teachers “He says. Matteo Lancini, psychologist and psychotherapist expert in developmental age. “On a physiological level, however, anxiety is a key motivator: without anxiety you can’t achieve your goals. Then, of course, it depends on what level of anxiety, distress or overinvestment it is, because the risk is that they become how to affect the completion of the test period and also the completion of the test itself “.
The solution? Friends
If any anxiety is more than normal before an exam, it is important to keep it below the alert level for optimal results. We must understand, says Lancini, that maturity is an important step in life, but not a decisive one. So give it the proper importance but without overdoing it, also resorting to some small strategy that will help put things in the right perspective. Starting, for example, by choosing the right interlocutor. “In this sense,” Lancini continues, “I think it’s very important to be able to share the concern with classmates and not with parents. One way might be to start thinking of it as an adventure, a part of one’s own project. .life, rather than as a decisive event for one’s own value.I strongly believe in peer support, especially if you are lucky enough to have partners with whom you have built good relationships and with whom you can collaborate. and solidarity, rather than the competition that is unfortunately present in many classes ”.
The most important resource for learning to manage anxiety, therefore, should be sought in relationships with others: peers, friends, peers. “I strongly believe in the value of socializing, and most of all I think that the communities of teenagers that can be created around maturity can be very important. I think, for example, of the possibility of going to study alone for a few days. “Someone’s home, by the sea, in the mountains, maybe even without adults. I firmly believe in the value of relationships beyond individual techniques.”
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The reaction to the stressful event, however, depends heavily on individual characteristics. Beyond age, boys have completely unique characteristics. Lancini points out that there are no individual techniques that work for everyone, but everyone needs to find their own. There is so much diversity among individuals that what works for someone can have the opposite effect of increasing the level of stress and anxiety in another person.
Lack of sleep, beware of medications
For many people, anxiety is also synonymous with insomnia. Another piece of the vicious circle that can push the anxiety of an exam to worsen our performance: the right quality and amount of sleep are, in fact, essential to coping with maturity in the best way.
“For high school graduates, it is possible that there are sleep disorders due to exam anxiety, but first of all we must specify that there are different types of sleep disorders and that they are very common disorders,” he explains. Flavio Villani, neurologist at the San Martino Polyclinic in Genoa specializing in epilepsy and sleep disorders -. When anxiety is limited to a short period of time when stress levels are high and sleep is compromised, a number of good practices can be adopted to help prepare the body for optimal night’s rest. Among these, limit the use of technological devices just before bedtime, do not go to bed immediately after dinner and, in any case, dinner with light foods, without coffee or alcohol, and taking care to maintain a temperature comfortable in the room “.
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But beware of too casual use of medications. “It’s especially important for young people to avoid taking medications or pills at random without a prescription or an accurate medical diagnosis,” says Villani. When sleep problems persist over time, beyond three or four weeks, rather than relying on DIY, it is good to contact specialists, contacting a center dedicated to sleep medicine, who will be able to make a diagnosis and plan as much as possible. appropriate therapy.
In any case, sleep disorders in Italy are quite widespread: on average, 15% of adults suffer from them, and among them also those who are maturing (who are often at least eighteen years old). All are characterized by the presence of one or more of these symptoms: difficulty falling asleep and / or staying asleep (insomnia), frequent waking up during the night with difficulty falling asleep again, waking up very early in the morning, poor sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, movement disorders (such as restless legs syndrome) and respiratory disorders (such as sleep apnea syndrome).
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