The phenomenon of school dropout, as mentioned in numerous articles and studies, is due to problems of social, economic and cultural integration, which produce a consistent decrease in the level of interest in school education and the numerical value of the results and evaluations obtained. This dynamic may be of more interest to students characterized by Specific learning disordersthat slightly or decidedly limit the cognitive functions related to the acquisition of information and concepts, the respective processing andway out executive materialized in oral and / or written productions. Poor follow-up and very limited recruitment of teachers dedicated to supporting students with or with disabilities DSA it is leading families to permanently withdraw them from the family environment due to their lack of confidence in the public school system; This is the case, as in the specific and tragic case of the United Kingdom, with the abandonment of 1.5 million pupils with learning difficulties or disabilities who are repeatedly absent from school or who have not renewed their enrollment for next school year.
The Anglo-Saxon case: bad follow-up, teaching for a few and not for everyone
Children need more direct and concrete support to take them to school full time, as mental health problems increase, says a report by the Children’s Commissioner. Students with special educational needs and disabilities (known internally by the acronym TO SEND) are among those currently disappointed with English schools and the almost total lack of educational support for their particular and specific needs, says the report by Kindergarten Commissioner Rachel de Souza. Concern grew after about 1.8 million students did not renew their enrollment this fall and did not attend class during the current school year. De Souza’s report states that the reasons for the absence of these students from school often appear “Highly individual and complex” to locate. The arrival of the health emergency has undoubtedly aggravated the situation and the arrival of the DAD has eliminated all remaining possibilities for support and dialogue, as is often reported by parents, who perceive the abandonment by the institutions. educational.
Reforms, investments and contracts: the trend of DSA students on the rise
Solutions to the problem, which has also reached the tables of the executive and the Ministry of Education, are at the heart of a current public debate that is igniting parties, society and especially families. Due to a substantial increase in students with learning disabilities or specific learning disabilities in the last decade, the government said it has invested £ 79 million to speed up the introduction of support teams to monitor children and adults. disadvantaged. According to notes released by the BBC, it has reformed the support system for these students and the recruitment and training of teachers and educators dedicated exclusively to this purpose.
In Italy, data for the 2017-2018 academic year published by the Ministry of Education show that 276,109 students in Italian schools with ASD have gone from 0.7% in the 2010-2011 academic year to 3.2% of the total students in the latest available survey. This increase stems from a greater awareness of the phenomenon and related disorders, the new sensitivity of which is exerted by society and institutions leads to a greater recognition of these drawbacks also at the level of certifications issued.
On topics related to the course ADHD: classroom intervention strategies curated by Marco Catania, scheduled for July 1.