“Too many months of vacation.” When does it end in the rest of Europe?

For children it is the most beautiful time of the year. For the most tired parents. He schools they are over and until the first fortnight of September, one more year, mothers and fathers will have to fight between campus, parental leave, grandparents and kangaroos in anticipation of the long-awaited vacation.

The request

Three months at home. “But what profession in the world do you expect to stay at home for 90 consecutive days?” This is what Mother Valentina is asking for, who in recent days has launched a social campaign to promote a collection of signatures in which the Government is being asked to postpone the end of school until at least the beginning of July. “Is there a lot of talk about equality, the gender gap, inclusion and then the state leaves children at home for three months?
And where are these kids supposed to be all this long, hot, and unemployed period? Feeding improvised colonies to the sound of 150 euros a week? The problem also shifts to the often dizzying prices of campuses.
“And who can’t afford it, what does he do?” The ones who stay home with them (in most cases and as always) are the mothers. And I have to and I want to work, what do I have to do? – Valentina still asks – We use the didactic spaces during the summer months to teach her something useful, such as English or computer science ». But not everyone agrees: “School is not a parking lot.”

The school calendar in the rest of Europe

The debate has served between those who want to extend the end of the school year until July and those who believe, however, that the children are tired enough. But what about the rest of Europe? Comparing the holidays, the number of school days, the general organization of the school and the academic year, according to the Eurydice annual report, it turns out that in Italy students spend more days at school than in other European countries.

In 10 countries, school usually starts in August. The countries where the school year starts earlier are Denmark and Germany. The number of school days varies from 165 days in Albania and Malta to 200 days in Denmark and Italy. In general, the number of school days is the same in primary and secondary education, but there are some exceptions: for example, in France and Serbia (both in upper secondary education), in Lithuania and Romania, the number of school days in secondary education is greater than in primary education.

When they start

In Germany, schools in the various Länder start between August 2 and September 14. In some countries the start date is usually around mid-September: this is the case in southern Europe (for example, Greece, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Portugal, Albania and Turkey) but also in Luxembourg and Romania. In Malta, children return to school at the end of September. In Germany, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Austria and Switzerland, the start and end of the course vary considerably between regions. The number of school days varies from 165 days in primary education in Albania and Malta to 200 days in Denmark and Italy. In about half of the countries it is between 170 and 180 days (ISCED levels 1, 2 and 3); in 13 countries / regions, the number varies between 181 and 190 days. In general, the number of school days is the same in primary and secondary education, but there are some exceptions: in France and Serbia (both in higher secondary education), in Lithuania and Romania, for example, the number of school days is higher. in secondary education than in primary education. The opposite (fewer school days in secondary education than in primary education) is observed in Greece, Ireland and Bosnia and Herzegovina.


In addition to the summer holidays, there are four other main school holiday periods across Europe: the autumn holidays, the Christmas and New Year holidays, the winter / carnival holidays and the spring / summer holidays. Easter. With the exception of the Christmas / New Year holidays, the other school holidays differ in both duration and schedule. Because some of these holidays are tied to flexible calendar dates (Carnival and Easter), their calendar changes slightly from year to year. In addition to these common holidays, all countries offer additional holidays for public or religious occasions. In the autumn, children have a week-long holiday in 16 countries / regions; in other countries, it varies from two to three days (e.g. Czech, Croatia, Malta, Slovakia, Iceland, and Serbia) to three weeks (Switzerland) or no vacation in 11 countries (e.g., Greece, Poland, Albania, Bosnia, and Herzegovina and Montenegro). ). For Christmas, almost every country offers a two-week vacation; it is only one week in Poland and Slovenia, and up to three weeks in the case of Sweden, Montenegro and Serbia, and even more so in Bosnia and Herzegovina for example. For Carnival, in about 17 countries / regions, students have one week off and also two weeks in France, Cyprus, Poland and Turkey. By contrast, some countries / regions do not have holidays during this period (for example, Greece and Albania).

Spring / Easter holidays last one or two weeks in most countries. However, some countries only offer a few days at this time (e.g. Lithuania, Finland, and Albania) to three weeks in Switzerland. There are no public holidays in Bosnia and Herzegovina at this time.

When they finish

In Europe, the school year usually ends between the end of May and the second half of July. Summer holidays begin in mid-June in most countries. The length of the summer holidays varies significantly from country to country: from 6 weeks in some German states, the Netherlands and Liechtenstein, to 13 weeks in Latvia, from 11 to 14 weeks in Italy and Portugal, and even 15 weeks in Albania (primary education). Some countries show differences in the length of summer holidays depending on the level of education. In secondary education in Bosnia and Herzegovina, students start the summer holidays before primary education. In contrast, in Greece, Cyprus, Albania, and Montenegro, primary school students begin their summer vacation before high school.


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