School dropout, a heterogeneous phenomenon for a two-speed continent: Italy and Greece in comparison

Early school leaving, favored by aspects of a social, family and economic nature, is a widespread phenomenon on the European continent, as the Commission and the Council have repeatedly reported, committed to recovery programs in the regions where anticipates that this will be more consistent. The lack of social support for families in financial difficulties, the very limited number of social workers and the incorrect and inefficient distribution of training institutes in the area and the preparation of non-functional transport to reach the study and education centers make than the rest. The statistical report Eurostatwhich focuses on topics i quorum of an economic nature, urban and environmental development, ecological footprint and productivity in terms of GDP, once again highlights a politically united continent, but which proceeds in the rhetoric of two-speed development also in the educational context linked to the phenomena. of early school leaving. We analyze the results of this report by geographically locating the entity of the phenomenon country by country.

The Hellenic case: limited dispersion, accentuated support and integration

Greece has the second lowest rate of early school leaving (3%) for 2021 among EU member states, according to the latest data released by Eurostat. According to the report, the lowest rates of early school leaving were Croatia (2%), Slovenia, Greece and Ireland (all 3%) and Lithuania and the Netherlands (5%). In contrast, the highest quotas were recorded in Romania (15%), Spain and Italy (both 13%) and Bulgaria, Hungary and Germany (12%). EU Member States have set a goal of reducing school dropout rates below 9% at EU level by 2030. Compared to 2011, almost all EU Member States they recorded a lower percentage of premature dropouts in 2021, with the exception of Luxembourg, Slovakia and Sweden. , Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland and Germany, which increased slightly (less than 3%). Sixteen Member States have already reached the EU target for 2030 for this indicator: Belgium, Czech Republic, Ireland, Greece, France, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden. In 2021, the proportion of people dropping out of education and training earlier was lower among young women than among young men in all EU Member States except Bulgaria and Romania. For the Belpaese, the rate of dispersal reaches 40% in certain southern regions, including Sicily and Puglia, unfortunately.

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Early School Leaving and Early School Leaving: A Gender Issue?

In 2021, more students dropped out of education and training than their peers: 11% of boys compared to 8% of girls. Compared to 2020, the proportion of both boys leaving school prematurely and girls dropped slightly (by 0.4 and 0.1 percentage points, respectively (pp). EU Member States have set a goal of reducing school dropout rates below 9% at EU level by 2030. Compared to 2011, almost all EU Member States they recorded a lower percentage of premature dropouts in 2021, with the exception of Luxembourg, Slovakia and Sweden. , Czech Republic, Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland and Germany, which increased slightly (less than 3%). It seems, at this point, that the phenomenon described also refers to factors related to gender and predisposition to study, learning, and commitment.

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