Young people from the Biella area. Education, training and the labor market: the inputs of OsservaBiella that will inspire the CRB Foundation – BI.T Quotidiano

He focused young and about his job and training perspectives the 2022 in-depth thematic study OsservaBiella – the Observatory of the territorial needs of the people of Biella. The report, prepared by Biella Savings Bank Foundation in collaboration with the Laboratory ofUniversity of Milan The paths of second welfare are cared for French Main I Celestina Valeria De Tommaso.

An articulate and very extensive report that has put a magnifying glass on the world of youth on which the last two years between pandemic and war have weighed heavily, generating a general narrowing of horizons and training opportunities in addition to the many related problems.

A very useful tool for local actors dealing with this age group and for the Cassa di Risparmio di Biella Foundation which will use it to plan future actions.

“Our young people are a precious heritage and we have chosen to dedicate a specific study to them in order to have data on which to reason about concrete and effective actions that will help them to express their potential in study and work. says the president Franco Ferraris -. In fact, the Foundation has chosen to dedicate the programming of the celebrations of its thirtieth anniversary with the drafting of the document Biella 2030 commissioned to 30 young people under 30 and this report not only further consolidates this action, but is preparatory for in the future. interventions and tenders ”.

The degree of in-depth study of the document, which presents very up-to-date data, can be understood from the amount of work done by the researchers of Second well-being:

“The research took advantage of conducting 37 interviews with regional and local actors, who operate in the employment, training, education, culture and youth association sectors. The report contains original, local and provincial quantitative data, through which we have been able to “photograph” the context of young people in the Biella area, detect potential and territorial problems and identify possible areas of intervention regarding the policies of local youth. “ comments Valeria De Tommaso.

“The analysis has shown that the most fragile target and the one most affected by the consequences of the two-year pandemic is the one that is about to leave, or has already done so, the school network. It is in this band, between the ages of 17 and 19, and later, between the ages of 19 and 24, that the decisive elections are held regarding the continuation of non-compulsory training and insertion in specific sectors of the labor market. . The family plays a key role in the choice of the adolescent, both indirectly, taking into account, for example, the expectations on the educational path of the children, and directly, in view of the available economic possibilities, but the challenge is to activate the school. system, the labor market, local welfare and the community as a whole and in a coordinated and synergistic way ”. add French Main.

Both researchers agree that the Biella area showed – even before the pandemic – a great initiative and willingness to invest in young people and in the political areas that affect them. In fact, numerous projects have been launched at the provincial level and within the framework of regional initiatives, a comforting fact to which the Foundation has decided to add a special “boost” by opening, coinciding with the presentation of the report, a specific territorial space. call for co-planning that will lead to the launch of new initiatives for young people.

In order to respond to the demanding challenges posed by the context and the need to encourage the active participation of young people, the Foundation will adopt the guidelines that emerged from the document and involve young people in an innovative way, first and foremost, in creating positive actions. in the following areas:

  • promote coordinated interventions to support the health and psychophysical well-being of children;
  • prevent the increase of young people NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training: that is, people, especially young people, who do not have or are looking for a job and do not attend a school or a training or professional refresher course) .

“The increasingly widespread and in-depth territorial listening methodology started with OsservaBiella and linked to the Foundation’s disbursement activity is entering a more mature phase. – comments the Secretary General Andrea Quaregna -. After the start of the journey, in fact, the annual planning of the Authority’s activities will increasingly connect in a timely and coherent manner with the areas of particular territorial interest indicated in the Observatory’s reports, as in this specific case. A very demanding new methodology for the structure that collaborated in the publication of the report and in the elaboration of the co-planning process, but that we are sure will give important results, that will allow us to be more and more effective ”.

The most significant data in the report

Regarding training:

  • The province of Biella, along with Turin, Alexandria and Novara, is characterized by the highest number of high school students (52.4%). In the last ten school years, the highest drop in students was recorded in the Technical Institutes (-27.5%). Families and students often resort to more general study itineraries, rather than choosing areas of specialization that are too focused. The continuation of the studies is the result of a correlation with several factors, including the social, professional and cultural condition of the parents. Parental expectations can also influence these choices.
  • The Covid-19 pandemic has negatively affected these processes, aggravating situations of bewilderment, uncertainty and depression. Academic achievements in Italian and mathematics have suffered a severe blow in all the provinces of Piedmont. In the province of Biella, this decline is important for math tests: the province of Biella is, in fact, the third in Piedmont – preceded by Novara (17.7 percentage points) and Cuneo (15.6) – by the intensity of the decline in performance in this matter. .
  • The fragility is also confirmed by the data of the ASL in reference to the number of users 0-17 years and 15-34 years that during the last three years (2018-2021) have been assumed by the department of neuropsychiatry and child psychiatry, that since the number of young people -between 14 and 25 years old- who, in the last year, have gone to the Youth and Family Listening Space in the province of Biella. Since 2018, the number of individual receptions has increased by 6% (from 87 to 92 receptions) in 2019 to 57% in 2021 (144 receptions). Further summary data on vocational training and university enrollment on page 35 of the report.

Regarding the labor market:

  • The province of Biella has an employment rate for young people aged 15 to 24 below the Piedmontese average (21.2%): from 2018 to 2021, the employment rate increased for the 15 to 24 age group years (from 16.5% to 17.9%). As for young people aged between 25 and 34, the employment rate fell (from 77% to 75.4%), although it is above the regional average (73.5%).
  • The youth unemployment rate for young people aged 15 to 24 rose from 43.1% in 2018 to 10.1% in 2020 to 22.3% in 2021, below the Piedmontese average (23.4% ). As for young people aged between 25 and 34, the percentage change between the two years (2019 and 2020) is the highest among the Piedmontese provinces (from 7.1% in 2018 to 14.9 in 2020 compared to 10 , 5% in Piedmont). ). However, the value became stable in 2021, reaching 9.4% (9.2% in Piedmont).
  • The inactivity rate of young people aged 15 to 24 increased by five percentage points compared to 2018 (from 71% to 75.9%) and, on the other hand, decreased among young people aged 15 to 24 between 25 and 34 years old, going from 17.1% in 2018 to 16.7% in 2021. The inactivity rate of the cohort of young people between 25 and 34 years old had dropped drastically in 2020, reaching 11, 3%, the lowest value in Piedmont.
  • In 2020, the figure for the decrease in the number of inactive people (25-34 years) in the province could have positively influenced the percentage rate of NEET: the latter, in fact, suffered a decline of about 3 percentage points compared to 2019. in 2020. At the same time, it is worth noting a corresponding increase in young people (+17 percentage points compared to 2019) who in 2021 turned to the Employment Centers in order to benefit from the initiatives of Youth Guarantee.

In 2019, the greatest difficulty in finding labor was expressed in mechanical management for graduates (40%), textiles for graduates (41%) and engineering for graduates (58%). With regard to the textile sector, the Biellese area expresses a clear need for expert professionalism in the field, with specific skills -for different reasons- in the processing of textile fibers that do not coincide, specifically, with those related to design, fashion, ‘clothes.

Also in terms of university education, the difficulty of finding engineering graduates is combined with a sharp decrease -in the last ten years- of those enrolled in this degree (-63%). In 2020, the demand for wholesale and / or retail trade figures increased. In this sense, it should be noted that the Commercial Technical Institute welcomes only 3.8% of Biella students. It has also expired in commercial services provided by the Professional Institutes of Commerce and Tourism of the Province of Biella. Overall, 45% of companies say they have difficulty finding young people.

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