OsservaBiella, a magnifying glass on the world of youth – Newsbiella.it

The thematic study 2022 of OsservaBiella – the Territorial Needs Observatory of the Biella area presented yesterday 13 June at the Palazzo Gromo Losa focused on young people and their employment and training prospects.

The report, prepared by the Cassa di Risparmio di Biella Foundation in collaboration with the Laboratory of the University of Milan Second Welfare Trails, is edited by Franca Maino and Celestina Valeria De Tommaso. An articulate and very extensive report that has put a magnifying glass on the world of youth on which the last two years between pandemic and war have weighed heavily, generating a general narrowing of horizons and training opportunities in addition to the many related problems. A very useful tool for local actors dealing with this age group and for the Cassa di Risparmio di Biella Foundation which will use it to plan future actions.

Our young people are a precious heritage and we have chosen to dedicate a specific study to them in order to have data on which to reason about concrete and effective actions that will help them to express their potential in study and work. – says President Franco Ferraris – in fact, the Foundation has chosen to dedicate to them the programming of the celebrations of its thirtieth anniversary with the drafting of the document Biella 2030 commissioned to 30 young people under 30 years and this report not only further consolidates this action, but is preparatory for in the future. interventions and calls“.

The degree of depth of the document, which presents very up-to-date data, can be understood from the amount of work done by Second Welfare researchers: “The research benefited from conducting 37 interviews with regional and local actors, operating in the employment, training, education, culture and youth associations sectors. The report contains original quantitative data, both local and provincial, through which we have been able to “photograph” the context of young people in the Biella area, detect potential and territorial criticalities and identify possible areas of intervention with respect to policies of youth at the local level. level”Comments Valeria De Tommaso.

“The analysis showed that the most fragile target and the one most affected by the consequences of the two-year pandemic is the one that is about to leave – or has already done so – the school network. It is in this band – between 17 and 19 years old and, later, between 19 and 24 years old – where the decisive elections are made regarding the continuation of non-compulsory training and insertion in specific sectors of the labor market. . The family plays a key role in the adolescent’s choices, both indirectly – taking into account, for example, the expectations of the children’s educational journey, – and directly, – in view of the economic possibilities available to them. “But the challenge is to activate the school system, the labor market, local welfare and the community as a whole and in a coordinated and synergistic way,” adds Franca Maino.

The increasingly widespread and in-depth territorial listening methodology started with OsservaBiella and linked to the Foundation’s disbursement activity is entering a more mature phase.. – comments the Secretary General Andrea Quaregna – After the start of the journey, in fact, the annual planning of the Authority’s activities will increasingly connect in a timely and coherent manner with the areas of particular territorial interest indicated in the Observatory’s reports, as in this specific case. A very demanding new methodology for the structure that collaborated in the publication of the report and in the elaboration of the co-planning process, but that we are sure will give important results that will allow us to be more and more effective.“.

The most significant data in the report

On the training side:

The province of Biella, along with Turin, Alexandria and Novara, is characterized by the highest number of high school students (52.4%). In the last ten school years, the highest drop in students was recorded in the Technical Institutes (-27.5%).

● The Covid-19 pandemic has adversely affected these processes, exacerbating situations of confusion, uncertainty and depression. Academic achievements in Italian and mathematics have suffered a severe blow in all the provinces of Piedmont. In the province of Biella, this decline is important for math tests: the province of Biella is, in fact, the third in Piedmont – preceded by Novara (17.7 percentage points) and Cuneo (15.6) – by the intensity of the decline in performance in this matter. .

● The fragility is also confirmed by the data of the ASL in reference to the number of users 0-17 years and 15-34 years that during the last three years (2018-2021) have been cared for by the department of neuropsychiatry and pediatric psychiatry , due to the number of young people -between 14 and 25 years old- who, in the last year, have visited the Youth and Family Listening Space in the Province of Biella. Since 2018, the number of individual receptions has increased by 6% (from 87 to 92 receptions) in 2019 to 57% in 2021 (144 receptions). Further summary data on vocational training and university enrollment on page 35 of the report.

Next to labor market:

● The province of Biella has an employment rate for young people aged 15 to 24 below the Piedmontese average (21.2%): from 2018 to 2021, the employment rate increased between 15 and 24 years (from 16.5% to 17.9%). . With regard to young people aged between 25 and 34, the employment rate fell (from 77% to 75.4%), although it is above the regional average (73.5%).

● The youth unemployment rate for young people aged 15 to 24 rose from 43.1% in 2018 to 10.1% in 2020 to 22.3% in 2021, below the Piedmontese average (23, 4 %). As for young people aged between 25 and 34, the percentage change between the two years (2019 and 2020) is the highest among the Piedmontese provinces (from 7.1% in 2018 to 14.9 in 2020 compared to 10 , 5% in Piedmont). ). However, the value became stable in 2021, reaching 9.4% (9.2% in Piedmont).

● The inactivity rate of young people aged 15 to 24 increased by five percentage points compared to 2018 (from 71% to 75.9%) and, on the other hand, decreased among young people aged between 25 and 34, from 17.1% in 2018. to 16.7% in 2021. The inactivity rate of the cohort of young people between 25 and 34 years old had fallen sharply in 2020, reaching 11.3% , the lowest value in Piedmont.

● In 2020, the figure for the decrease in the number of inactive people (25-34 years old) in the Province could have had a positive influence on the percentage rate of NEET: the latter, in fact, suffered a decrease of about 3 percentage points from 2019 to 2020 At the same time, it is worth noting a corresponding increase in young people (+17 percentage points compared to 2019) who in 2021 turned to Employment Centers to benefit from Youth Guarantee initiatives . Some explanations of this information are given on page 55 of the report. In 2019, the greatest difficulty in finding labor was expressed in mechanical management for graduates (40%), textiles for graduates (41%) and engineering for graduates (58%). With regard to the textile sector, the Biellese area expresses a clear need for expert professionalism in the field, with specific skills -for different reasons- in the processing of textile fibers that do not coincide, specifically, with those related to design, fashion, ‘clothes. Also in terms of university education, the difficulty of finding engineering graduates is combined with a sharp decrease -in the last ten years- of those enrolled in this degree (-63%). In 2020, the demand for wholesale and / or retail trade figures increased. In this sense, it should be noted that the Commercial Technical Institute welcomes only 3.8% of Biella students. It has also expired in commercial services provided by the Professional Institutes of Commerce and Tourism of the Province of Biella. Overall, 45% of companies say they have difficulty finding young people.

The complete document is available on the website www.Osservabiella.it

csfundazione crb, s.zo.

Leave a Comment