TERNI – The presentation of the Report of the Parliamentary Commission on Investigation against Femicide took place on Friday 10 June at 10.30 in the Casa delle Donne in Terni, in the presence of Senator Valeria Valente, President of the Commission and Dr. Monica Velletti, president of the Civil Court Section of Terni.
Also present were: Caterina Grechi, President of the Center for Equal Opportunities in the Umbria Region; Giuliana Astarita, councilor for equality in the province of Perugia; Sara Pasquino, lawyer and anti-violence worker at RU2020 – Umbra Network for Self-Determination; Teresa Di Lernia, psychologist at the Anti-Violence Center “Barbara Corvi” in Narni and Stefania Capponi, president of the Soroptimist Club of Terni. The meeting was coordinated by the lawyer. Simona Schiavoni, from the “Som aquí” desk of the Casa delle Donne in Terni.
The report is entitled “Secondary victimization of women victims of violence and their children in custody and parental responsibility proceedings“Available in full here.
Secondary victimization, the report states, “occurs when the same authorities called upon to repress the phenomenon of violence, not recognizing or disparaging it, do not take the necessary guarantees towards the victim to protect it from possible conditioning and reiteration of violence “.
The report summarizes the results of the Commission’s research into the real extent of the phenomenon of secondary victimization in custody and parental responsibility proceedings. The research is also born at the request of many mothers, victims of violence and the awareness that only a coherent response from all institutions can slow down the spread of domestic and gender violence.
Indeed, it is inadmissible to repress violence in the criminal sphere and then ignore its effects on the procedures governing custody of children or parental responsibility, tolerating that the perpetrator of such conduct, on the one hand, is investigated and convicted of what has been committed. , and on the other hand he is considered an ideal father, like the one who has suffered violence.
Based on these assumptions, the Commission examined more than 1,400 court proceedings – both separations with a request for custody of minors and juvenile judgments on parental responsibility – analyzing all related procedural documents. A large number of flagship cases have also been examined, in which women report having suffered forms of secondary victimization for lack of recognition of domestic violence suffered.
Among the most important data in the report is that, of the 2,089 cases studied by the Commission during the quarter of March, April and May 2017, 34.7% of cases contained allegations of violence, while 5.8% associates both allegations of violence with that of dysfunction. Of the 724 cases relevant to the survey, 97.6% of allegations of violence were already present in the introductory documents.
The report highlighted a number of guidelines and good practices aimed at increasing the specific training of operators in the field of domestic violence, including:
– the compulsory specialization of the institutional subjects involved (law enforcement, judges, lawyers, consultants, social service operators), with training courses on the rates of recognition of domestic violence and on national and supranational legislation in the field. subject matter;
– the formation of lists of operators and professionals specialized, in all sectors, in the field of domestic violence, which can be made available in the presence of reports of violence;
– conducting shared training courses between the judiciary (instructor and judge; ordinary and youth), security forces, advocacy, social services, health services, centers and associations for the fight against violence, to disseminate knowledge aimed at identifying indices of domestic violence.
The new prospects for reform directly affect the regulatory framework, in particular the provisions governing child custody procedures and those relating to the ownership of parental responsibility, in order to effectively apply Art. 31 of the Istanbul Convention and make it essential to listen directly to the child during the preliminary investigation into the custody sentences.
The meeting was organized by the Terni Women’s Association and the Terni Women’s House.
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