They don’t study, they don’t work, and they don’t even try. They are dissatisfied with his life and the pandemic, in this, could not avoid aggravating the situation. This is the bitter portrait of the gods young Italians arising from the Bes 2021 report “Fair and sustainable welfare in Italy” published byState.
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Young people after the pandemic are more dissatisfied with life
In fact, Italy has the saddest record in Europe of the largest number of so-called Neets, not in employment, education or training, that is, young people between the ages of 15 and 29 who are not included in a school or training course or in a company. activity. In 2021, 23.1% of young people do not study or work, a figure that is slightly lower than in 2020 when young people without any kind of employment had reached 23.7%, but it still remains as high point in Europe. And it accounts for almost a quarter of the population between adolescence and adulthood. Unfortunately, the incidence of Neet increases among women, reaching 25% of girls who do not study or work, while among men it drops to 21.2%.
Not only that, the territories also make a difference. There are regions where the number is increasing dramatically, reaching almost 4 out of 10. This is the case, once again, of the South and its deep labor difficulties. The Italian regions with the highest share of Neet are, in fact, Puglia with 30.6% of young people, Calabria with 33.5%, Campania with 34.1% and Sicily with 36.3%. This is a growing phenomenon, especially in Italy: in 2008, NEETs accounted for 19.3% of young people in Italy and 13.1% in Europe, and growth in Italy was faster than expected. woman on average in the European Union.
For example, in the first quarter of 2021 there was an increase in the incidence of NIIS, compared to the previous quarter, more in Italy, with a + 0.6%, than in the rest of the European Union with a +0, 1%. In Italy, also in this case, the increase was more important for women, with a percentage point, compared to men with + 0.2%. The Neet phenomenon affects a number of factors, ranging from early school leaving and college to the search for a job that fails and is no longer sought after.
But there is another aspect, definitely linked to the emotion and sensitivity of the youngest, that raises alarm. In the two years of the pandemic, in fact, the percentage of adolescents between the ages of 14 and 19 who are dissatisfied with their lives has doubled: in 2019 they were 3.2% of the total, in 2021 they became in 6.2%. “These are about 220,000 young people who are dissatisfied with their lives and at the same time are in a situation of poor psychological well-being,” said the President of the State, Gian Carlo Blangiardo, in the presentation of in the Bes- the same phenomena of bullying, violence and vandalism by very young people in recent months are extreme manifestations of widespread and perhaps non-transitory suffering and uneasiness. ”Among the alarms is not only the sensation of dissatisfaction but also the increasingly present bad habits: sedentarism among young people has gone from 18.6 to 20.9% while between 14 and 17 the risk is even 23.6%. In our aging country, Blangiardo added that youth policies have seldom received priority attention and adequate resources, and the image provided by the Bes indicators suggests that it is time for a change of strategy. rhetoric, it can be said that policies pe The welfare of young people are, today more than ever, policies for the well-being of the whole country ”. The psychological well-being of boys, in fact, always in the range of 14 to 19 years, worsened in 2021, especially among girls: the score of girls, in fact, fell 4.6 points compared to 2020, dropping to 66, 6. out of 100 girls while boys lost 2.4 points, reaching 74.1 out of 100.